Coat of Arms
José Eduardo dos Santos
»Unitary Presidential Republic
»1,246,700 km2 (23rd)
»$139.059 billion (64th)
»Per capita $6,484 (107th)
»$129.785 billion (61st)
»Per capita $6,052 (91st)
Angola officially the Republic of Angola, is a country in Southern Africa. It is the seventh largest country in Africa, and is bordered by Namibia on the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo on the north, and Zambia on the east; its west coast is on the Atlantic Ocean and Luanda is its capital city.
The exclave province of Cabinda has borders with the Republic of the Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
The Bié Plateau, which forms the central region of the territory, has an average altitude of 6,000 ft (1,830 m). Rising abruptly from the coastal lowland, the plateau slopes gently eastward toward the Congo and Zambezi basins and forms one of Africa’s major watersheds.
The uneven topography of the plathas resulted in the formation of numerous rapids and waterfalls, which are used for the production of hydroelectric power.The territory’s principal rivers are the Cuanza and the Cunene.
Rainfall in the south and along the coast north to Luanda is generally low. In northern Angola, it is usually dry and cool from May to October and wet and hot from November to April.
The characteristic landscape is savanna woodlands and grasslands. The northeast, however, has densely forested valleys that yield hardwoods, and palm trees are cultivated along a narrow coastal strip.
Angola’s rich agricultural sector was formerly the mainstay of the economy and currently provides employment for the majority of the people.
Food must be imported in large quantities, however, because of the disruption caused by the country’s protracted civil war.
Coffee and sugar cane are the most important cash crops. Sisal, corn, cotton, manioc, tobacco, and bananas are raised, and fishing is also important. Livestock, notably cattle, sheep, goats, and pigs, is raised in much of the savanna region.
Angola has substantial mineral resources and hydroelectric power. Most large-scale industries are nationalized.
Oil, chiefly from reserves offshore, is the most lucrative product, providing about 50% of the country’s GDP and 90% of its exports.
Oil revenues have not done much to improve the economy at large or the everyday lives of Angolans, especially in the interior, because huge sums have been spent on the armed forces and lost due to government corruption; unaccounted losses to government funds were estimated at $32 billion in 2011.
Diamond mining is also a principal industry; for many years in the late 20th cent.
Natural gas is produced, and Angola has deposits of iron ore, phosphates, copper, feldspar, gold, bauxite, and uranium.
Industries include metals processing, meat and fish processing, brewing, and the manufacture of cement, tobacco products, and textiles.
Angola is ranked 142 with an Economic Complexity Index (ECI) of -2.0706
Top 5 Products exported by Angola
- Crude Petroleum (98%),
- Petroleum Gas (0.79%),
- Refined Petroleum (0.25%),
- Scrap Iron (0.13%),
- Iron Structures (0.12%)
Top 5 Export destinations of Angola
Angola is an eye-opener – in more ways than one. Scarred painfully by years of debilitating warfare and practically untouched by foreign visitors since the early 1970s, the country remains remote, with few observers privy to its geographic highlights and vast cultural riches.
Despite advancements in infrastructure and a dramatically improved security situation, travel in Angola remains the preserve of adventurers or those on flexible budgets.
But with the transport network gradually recovering and wildlife being shipped in to repopulate decimated national parks, the signs of recovery are more than just a mirage.
For outsiders, the attractions are manifold. Chill out on expansive beaches, sample the solitude in virgin wildlife parks or sift through the ruins of Portuguese colonialism. From Luanda to Lubango the nuances are startling.
- In Luanda: the Mussulo island for clean tropical beaches and water sports, the Benfica Market for Kwanza River.
- Eco Tur Angola do various bespoke no tours Angola including Kissama with specialist game viewing vehicles.
- In Benguela: Baia Azul for beautiful desert beaches. Art deco architecture in Beguela. Lobito City for the Restinga Penisnula and ice cold draught Cuca beer, the Benguela Rail road, and fantastic scenery!
- In Kwanza Sul – Cubal Canyon, Conde Hot springs and Cachoeiras / Binga Waterfalls, with the Cambambe Dam on River Kwanza. Waku Kungo plains has fantastic scenery!
- In Malange – Kalandula Waterfalls and Pungo n’Dongo Black Stones.
- In Huila – Serra de Leba, Tunbda Vala Gorge, Mumuila tribes people, fantastic scenery and much more!
- In Namibe – Arco Lagoon, beaches and a desert, and Mucubais Tribes People.
- In Huambo – City Tours, Alto Hama hot springs, and fantastic scenery.
- In Cunene – Himba tribes people, Ruacana Falls, and fantastic scenery.