Coat of Arms
President Pierre Nkurunziza
» Kirundi, French
» Presidential republic
» 27,834 km2 (145th)
» 10,395,931 (86th)
» $8.396 billion
» Per capita $912.496
» $3.037 billion
» Per capita $330.124
» Burundian franc (FBu) (BIF)
» CAT (UTC+2)
Burundi is a landlocked country in the African Great Lakes region of Southeast Africa, bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west. It is also sometimes considered part of Central Africa.
Burundi’s capital is Bujumbura. Although the country is landlocked, much of the southwestern border is adjacent to Lake Tanganyika.
The Twa, Hutu and Tutsi peoples have lived in Burundi for at least five hundred years. For more than 200 years, Burundi had an indigenous kingdom.
The latter ruled Burundi and Rwanda as a European colony known as Ruanda-Urundi. Their intervention exacerbated social differences between the Tutsi and Hutu, which contributed to political unrest in the region.
There was civil war in Burundi as it fought for independence in the middle of the twentieth century. Presently, Burundi is governed as a presidential representative democratic republic.
Burundi’s largest industry is agriculture, which accounted for just over 30% of the GDP. Subsistence agriculture accounts for 90% of agriculture.
The nation’s largest source of revenue is coffee, which makes up 93% of Burundi’s exports. Other agricultural products include cotton, tea, maize, sorghum, sweet potatoes, bananas, manioc (tapioca); beef, milk, and hides.
Some of Burundi’s natural resources include uranium, nickel, cobalt, copper, and platinum. Besides agriculture, other industries include assembly, of imported components; public works construction; food processing, and light consumer goods such as blankets, shoes, and soap.
Burundi’s currency is the Burundian franc (BIF); as of May 26, 2012, 1,371.00 Burundian franc were equivalent to one United States dollar.
Discover the four corners of Burundi! Climb on top of our hills, walk through our rain forests, navigate our lakes and sunbathe on our beaches. Burundi is the ideal place to spend an unforgettable vacation!
Temperatures range from 28⁰C /82⁰ F along the clear, fresh waters of Lake Tanganyika in the lowlands of Bujumbura, but just an hour away in the central plateau region, temperatures average 20⁰C/68⁰ F. The highest mountain areas are cooler, averaging 16⁰C/60⁰ F.
The Burundian drummers known as Abatimbo in Kirundi play the sacred drums, which are an integral part of the rich Burundian cultural heritage.
You may also catch sight of our elegant female dancers who will leave you dreaming.
Enjoy more the creativity of our craftsmen in age-old crafts such as basketry, pottery, sculpture and painting continue to tell a tale on Burundian traditions and culture that has been handed down through generation.
- Arts and crafts – Study the arts and crafts of the Burundians: leather, ceramics, ivory and wood-carvings in the Craftwares Village at Giheta, plus sculptures, wickerware and paintings in the town’s Art School.
- Bujumbura – Go to the capital port-city of Bujumbura, a bustling town with a population of some 200,000 inhabitants. The area was colonised by Germany at the end of the 19th century, and there is still architecture dating from that period, including the Postmaster’s House.
- Flora and fauna – Admire the country’s diverse flora and fauna, from savannah to steppers, mountain forests to blooming fields.
- Gitega – Stare at a beautiful vista of central plains and the expanse of the former royal city, Gitega, from the mountaintops of the Congo Nile range.
- Kirundo – In Kirundo, in the far north of Burundi and with its three lakes of Cohoha, Rweru and Rwihinda, settle down for some bird-watching: the third lake, Rwihinda, is even nicknamed ‘Birds Lake’ because of the sheer quantity of birds (around 20 different species) that settle there.
- Lake Tanganyika – Be seduced by the scenic and fun pleasures of Lake Tanganyika, where (in normal circumstances) cafes and restaurants line the lake.
- Rutovu monument – Gaze upon the monument near Rutovu, in Bururi Province, which marks Burundi’s claim to the source of the Nile.
- Stanley and Livingstone – Around 10km (6 miles) south of Bujumbura is a stone that marks the historic meeting-place of Stanley and Livingstone in 1871.
- Urubugu – Compete in the ancient game of urubugu (also known as mancala). It is played with pebbles or seashells on hollows scooped out on the ground, or with seeds on expensive, elaborately carved wooden boards.