»1,002,450 km2 (30th)
» Per capita -$6,714
» Per capita -$3,213
»Egyptian pound (EGP)
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Egypt is an Afro-Asiatic transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia, via a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula. Most of Egypt’s territory of 1,010,000 square kilometres (390,000 sq mi) lies within the Nile Valley of North Africa, but it is also considered a Mediterranean country as it is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north. It is also bordered by the Gaza Strip and Israel to the northeast, the Gulf of Aqaba to the east, the Red Sea to the east and south, Sudan to the south and Libya to the west.
With over 87 million inhabitants, Egypt is the largest country in North Africa and the Arab World, the third-largest in Africa, and the fifteenth-most populous in the world. The great majority of its people live near the banks of the Nile River, an area of about 40,000 square kilometers (15,000 sq mi), where the only arable land is found.
The large regions of the Sahara Desert, which constitute most of Egypt’s territory, are sparsely inhabited. About half of Egypt’s residents live in urban areas, with most spread across the densely populated centres of greater Cairo, Alexandria and other major cities in the Nile Delta.
Egypt’s economy depends mainly on agriculture, media, petroleum imports, natural gas, and tourism; there are also more than three million Egyptians working abroad, mainly in Saudi Arabia, the Persian Gulf and Europe. The completion of the Aswan High Dam in 1970 and the resultant Lake Nasser have altered the time-honored place of the Nile River in the agriculture and ecology of Egypt.
Egypt has a developed energy market based on coal, oil, natural gas, and hydro power. Substantial coal deposits in the northeast Sinai are mined at the rate of about 600,000 tonnes (590,000 long tons; 660,000 short tons) per year. Oil and gas are produced in the western desert regions, the Gulf of Suez, and the Nile Delta. Egypt has huge reserves of gas, estimated at 1,940 cubic kilometres (470 cu mi), and LNG up to 2012 exported to many countries.
Egypt is ranked 65 with an Economic Complexity Index (ECI) of 0.0459505
Top 5 Products exported by Egypt
- Crude Petroleum (18%),
- Petroleum Gas (10%),
- Refined Petroleum (8.6%),
- Nitrogenous Fertilizers (3.4%)
Top 5 Export destinations of Egypt
- Italy (8.0%),
- United States (7.9%),
- India (6.4%),
- Germany (4.7%),
- Saudi Arabia (4.6%)
Top 5 Products imported by Egypt
- Refined Petroleum (9.5%),
- Wheat (7.5%),
- Crude Petroleum (3.3%),
- Semi-Finished Iron (3.2%),
- Petroleum Gas (2.9%)
Top 5 Import origins of Egypt
- China (10%),
- United States (6.7%),
- Russia (6.6%),
- Ukraine (6.4%),
The stunning, colossal monuments of Ancient Egypt never fail to astonish. The heat, sight and the light of the desert invigorate.
The cool, turquoise waters rejuvenate. A romantic cruise along the world’s longest river dazzles the senses. A first class getaway resort in the Red Sea Riviera is pure escapism. No place has the magic, mystery and pleasures of Egypt. Travel to Egypt to discover a world of wonder.
- Highlights of any visit to Egypt include famous archaeological sites from both Lower (North) and Upper (South) Egypt. The most famous are:
- Greater Cairo:
- the Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx
- the Egyptian Museum
- the pyramids and temples of Saqqara and Dahshur
- Citadel of Salah El Din and Mosque of Mohamed Ali
- Khan al Khalili bazaar and al Hussein Mosque
- Alexandria: Alexandria, with several historical sights and the stunning new Bibliotheca Alexandrina, is the country’s main summer attraction for Egyptians escaping the summer heat and looking for a place to spend the summer vacation. Tourist attractions include
- Roman and Greek monuments, Bibliotheca Alexandria, Qa’edbay’s Castle, and Qasr El Montaza (El Montaza Palace).
- Luxor: the temples of Luxor and the West Bank across the Nile
- the Valley of the Kings
- the Temples of Abu Simbel