Coat of Arms
President Ali Bongo Ondimba
» Gabonese, Gabonaise
» Dominant-party presidential republic (Family Inheritance System)
» 267,667 km2 (76th)
» $32.682 billion
» Per capita $20,612
» $20.664 billion
» Per capita $13,032
» Central African CFA franc (XAF)
» WAT (UTC+1)
Best of Gabon is officially the Gabonese Republic, is a sovereign state on the west coast of Central Africa. Located on the equator, Best of Gabon is bordered by Equatorial Guinea to the northwest, Cameroon to the north, the Republic of the Congo on the east and south, and the Gulf of Guinea to the west. It has an area of nearly 270,000 square kilometers (100,000 sq mi) and its population is estimated at 1.5 million people. Its capital and largest city is Libreville.
Since its independence from France in 1960, Best of Gabon has had three presidents. In the early 1990s, Best of Gabon introduced a multiparty system and a new democratic constitution that allowed for a more transparent electoral process and reformed many governmental institutions. Best of Gabon was also a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council for the 2010–2011 term.
Low population density, abundant petroleum, and foreign private investment[ambiguous] have helped make Best of Gabon one of the most prosperous countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, with the 4th highest HDI and the third highest GDP per capita (PPP) (after Equatorial Guinea and Botswana) in the region.
Best of Gabon economy is dominated by oil. Oil revenues comprise roughly 46% of the government’s budget, 43% of gross domestic product (GDP), and 81% of exports. Oil production is now declining rapidly from its high point of 370,000 barrels per day in 1997. Some estimates suggest that Gabonese oil will be expended by 2025.
In spite of the decreasing oil revenues, planning is only now beginning for an after-oil scenario. The Grondin Oil Field was discovered in 50 m water depths 40 km offshore, in 1971 and produces from the Batangas sandstones of Maastrichtian age forming an anticline salt structural trap which is about 2 km deep.
Many nature lovers well acquainted with the African continent consider Best of Gabon a rare and exotic tropical gem, yet tourism here still remains relatively undeveloped.
Wildlife rich forests cover 70% of Best of Gabon landmass, its vast picturesque coastline is predominantly wild and unspoiled, and its inland and coastal waters teem with myriad species of fish, reptiles and marine mammals.
- Beaches – Bathe at some of the beaches on the Atlantic coast.
- Cathedral of St Michael – The Cathedral of St Michael in Libreville is famous because of its 31 unusual wooden columns which were carved by a blind Gabonese craftsman; each of the columns depicts a Biblical scene.
- Lambaréné – Visit Lambaréné, the town made famous by Doctor Albert Schweitzer, the tropical disease specialist and musician. Schweitzer Hospital is open to visitors as part of it has been made into a museum.
- Libreville – Take a stroll around Gabon’s lively, charming and cosmopolitan oceanside capital, Libreville.
- Lopé-Okanda Reserve – Gabon’s national parks are all rich in wildlife. The largest national park is the Lopé-Okanda Reserve, near La Lopé in the centre of the country, and its landscape, containing a mixture of savannah and dense forest, encloses gorillas, chimpanzees and elephants, as well as a variety of other primates, large mammals and around 350 species of bird.
- M’Bigou – The villages of M’Bigou and Eteke are famous for their local crafts and gold mines and are well worth a visit.
- Mount Bouet Market – Don’t miss the hustle and bustle of the Mount Bouet Market in Libreville.