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» Presidential republic
» 581,309 km2
» $125.7 billion
»Per capita $2,790
» $56.3 billion
»Per capita $1,269
» Kenyan shilling (KES)
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Kenya officially the Republic of Kenya, is a country in the African Great Lakes region of East Africa. Its capital and largest city is Nairobi. Kenya lies on the equator with the Indian Ocean to the southeast, Tanzania to the south, Uganda to the west, South Sudan to the northwest, Ethiopia to the north and Somalia to the north-east. Kenya covers 581,309 km2 (224,445 sq mi) and has a population of approximately 44 million as of July 2012.
Kenya has a warm, humid climate along its Indian Ocean coastline, with wildlife-rich savannah grasslands inland towards the capital. Nairobi has a cool climate which becomes colder closer to Mount Kenya, which has three permanently snow-capped peaks. Further inland, there is a warm and humid climate around Lake Victoria, and temperate forested and hilly areas in the western region.
The northeastern regions along the border with Somalia and Ethiopia are arid and semi-arid areas with near-desert landscapes. Lake Victoria, the world’s second largest fresh-water lake and the largest tropical lake, is situated to the southwest and is shared with Uganda and Tanzania. Kenya, along with Uganda and Tanzania is famous for its safaris and diverse wildlife reserves and national parks such as the East and West Tsavo National Park, the Maasai Mara, Lake Nakuru National Park, and Aberdares National Park.
There are several world heritage sites, such as Lamu; there are also many world-renowned beaches, such as Kilifi, where international yachting competitions are held each year.
Although Kenya is the biggest and most advanced economy in east and central Africa, and has an affluent urban minority, The important agricultural sector is one of the least developed and largely inefficient, employing 75% of the workforce compared to less than 3% in the food secure developed countries. Kenya is usually classified as a frontier market or occasionally an emerging market, but it is not one of the least developed countries.
Kenya has traditionally been a liberal market with minimal government involvement seen in the oil industry. However, recent legislation allows the government to issue price-controls on essential commodities like maize flour, kerosine, and cooking oil.
Privatisation of state corporations like the defunct Kenya Post and Telecommunications Company, which resulted in East Africa’s most profitable company – Safaricom, has led to their revival because of massive private investment.
As of May 2011, economic prospects are positive with 4–5% GDP growth expected, largely because of expansions in tourism, telecommunications, transport, construction and a recovery in agriculture. The World Bank estimated growth of 4.3% in 2012.
Top 5 Products exported by Kenya
- Tea (21%),
- Cut Flowers (13%),
- Coffee (6.1%),
- Legumes (3.9%),
- Passenger and Cargo Ships (1.8%)
Top 5 Export destinations of Kenya
- Uganda (12%),
- Tanzania (12%),
- Netherlands (10%),
- United Kingdom (9.8%),
- United States (8.2%)
Top 5 Products imported by Kenya
Refined Petroleum (19%),
Packaged Medicaments (2.9%),
Delivery Trucks (2.1%),
Hot-Rolled Iron (2.1%)
Top 5 Import origins of Kenya
South Africa (5.1%),
United Kingdom (4.3%)
The incredible diversity of landscapes, cultures, wildlife and activities mean endless opportunities for visitors to Kenya. Kenya offers a diverse range of environments all within relatively close proximity to one another and has an excellent domestic travel infrastructure. Kenya’s rich diversity of wildlife means that no two experiences in the wild are ever the same. Visitors to Kenya can experience and see completely different things. In a single trip to Kenya, you can visit tropical forests, beautiful beaches, and deserts, climb mountains and explore the wild. In Kenya, it is possible to plan a safari that blends adventure and relaxation, luxury and natural simplicity, social experiences and solitude.
Enjoy pure and unspoilt landscapes on the highlands and valleys of Kenya. Spectacular views of the green upcountry and a whim of nature cascades across the meandering hills. Hikers and mountain climbers find satisfaction in exploring these opportunities for adventure in Kenya.
There are places in Kenya that you cannot afford to go back home without visiting. These popular sites are loved because of the interesting story behind their existence or the noble course that go on in these places that make them popular. If you would like to see the mighty elephant being rehabilitated and fed through a milk bottle, the Daphne Sheldrick Elephant Sanctuary is the place to be. Once, chimpanzees used to be caged and tortured, some hunted and killed for meat, not until the Chimpanzee sanctuary at the Ol Pejeta Conservancy. These popular sites are the places to visit if you would like specific rehabilitated wild animal stories.
Mt. Kenya, Africa’s second highest peak is regarded as the realm of Ngai, god of the local Kikuyu people. Traditionally, all Kikuyu home were built to face this sacred peak. They call it Kirinyaga or place of light.
The Kenya Association of Hotelkeepers and Caterers is a representative body that brings together duly registered hotels, camps and lodges in Kenya.
- The Masai Mara – If you want to see the ‘big five’ in one morning, Masai Mara in western Kenya is the place to be.
- Lamu – Lamu is one of Kenya’s oldest towns, settled by the Swahili about 700 years ago.
- Lake Nakuru National Park – Lake Nakuru is famous for its huge flocks of flamingos that enjoy the alkaline waters of this shallow soda lake.
- Mount Kenya – Mount Kenya is Africa’s second highest peak.
- Amboseli National Park – Amboseli is a popular park with breathtaking views of Mount Kilimanjaro(in Tanzania).
- Lake Turkana – The lunar landscape around Lake Turkana, a northern Rift Valley lake in Kenya, is a true spectacle.
- Lewa Wildlife Conservancy – Lewa is a private reserve set up primarily to protect black rhino, sitatunga, and the endangered Grevy’s zebra.
- Tsavo National Parks – Tsavo National Park is split into Tsavo East and Tsavo West.
- Malindi and Watamu – Malindi is a small town, but the beaches that surround it make it one of Kenya’s top attractions.Samburu, Shaba and Buffalo Springs National Reserves – Samburu, Shaba and Buffalo Springs are 3 Reserves bordering one another in the dry landscape of North Central Kenya.