» Port Louis
» Mauritian Creole, English, French
» Parliamentary republic
» 2,040 km2 (179th)
» $22.025 billion
»Per capita $17,888
» US$13.551 billion
»Per capita US$10,294(68th)
» Mauritian rupee (MUR)
» MUT (UTC+4)
The Arabs visited the island of Mauritius during the medieval period and then by the Portuguese, who named it Dina Arobi and Cirne, respectively. The island was uninhabited until the Dutch Republic established a colony in 1638, with the Dutch naming the island after Prince Maurice van Nassau. The Dutch colony was abandoned in 1710, and, five years later, the island became a French colony and was named Isle de France.
Due to its strategic position, Mauritius was known as the “star and key” of the Indian Ocean. It became an important base on the trade routes from Europe to the East before the opening of the Suez Canal and was involved in the power struggle between the French and the British.
The French won the Battle of Grand Port, their only naval victory over the British during these wars, but they could not prevent the British from landing at Cap Malheureux three months later, and formally surrendered on the fifth day of the invasion, 3 December 1810, on terms allowing settlers to keep their land and property, the use of the French language, and the law of France in criminal and civil matters. Under British rule, the island’s name reverted to Mauritius. The country became an independent state on 12 March 1968, following the adoption of a new constitution and became a republic in 1992 within the Commonwealth.
The people of Mauritius are multiethnic and multicultural. Most Mauritians are multilingual, Mauritian Creole, English, French, and Asian languages are used. The island’s government is closely modeled on the Westminster parliamentary system, and Mauritius is highly ranked for democracy and for economic and political freedom. Along with the other Mascarene Islands, Mauritius is known for its varied flora and fauna, with many species endemic to the island. The island is particularly known as the only home of the dodo.
Since independence in 1968, Mauritius has developed from a low-income, agriculture-based economy to a middle-income diversified economy. The economy is based on tourism, textiles, sugar, and financial services. In recent years, information and communication technology, seafood, hospitality and property development, healthcare, renewable energy, and education and training have emerged as important sectors, attracting substantial investment from both local and foreign investors.
Mauritius has no exploitable natural resources and therefore depends on imported petroleum products to meet most of its energy requirements. Local and renewable energy sources are biomass, hydro, solar and wind energy. Mauritius has one of the largest Exclusive Economic Zones in the world, in 2012 the government announced its intention to develop the Ocean Economy.
Mauritius is ranked high in terms of competitiveness, investment climate, governance and freest economy, the Gross Domestic Product (PPP) estimate was at $22.025 billion and GDP (PPP) per capita income over $16,820 in 2014, one of the highest in Africa. Mauritius has an upper middle-income economy, according to the World Bank in 2011.
For the fifth consecutive year, the World Bank’s 2013 Ease of Doing Business report ranks Mauritius first among African economies and 19th worldwide out of 183 economies in terms of ease of doing business. Mauritius has built its success on a free market economy; according to the 2013 Index of Economic Freedom Mauritius is ranked as having the 8th freest economy in the world, and the highest score in investment freedom. The report’s ranking of 183 countries is based on measures of economic openness, regulatory efficiency, rule of law, and competitiveness.
Major Imports and Exports
According to the International Trade Centre, the top five export categories for Mauritius in 2008, along with percentage of total exports, were:
- Articles of apparel and accessories made of knot or crochet (23.4%)
- Commodities not specified elsewhere (13.1%)
- Sugars and sugar confectionery (12.4%)
- Articles of apparel and accessories not made of knit nor crochet (11.6%)
- Meat, fish, and seafood food preparations (9.2%)
According to the International Trade Centre, the top five import categories for Mauritius in 2008, along with percentage of total imports, were:
- Mineral fuels, oils, distillations products, etc. (21.5%)
- Boilers, machinery, nuclear reactors, etc. (7.7%)
- Electrical and electronic equipment (6.8%)
- Fish, crustaceans, molluscs, and aquatic invertebrates (6.1%)
- Vehicles other than railway (4.8%)
Major Trading Partners
The top three countries to which Mauritius exports merchandise, along with percentage of exports, are:
- United Kingdom (30.8%)
- France (15.1%)
- United States (8.6%)
The top three countries which import merchandise to Mauritius, along with percentage of imports, are:
- India (21.1%)
- France (11.8%)
- South Africa (9.9%)
Sources: World Trade Organization, International Trade Centre, and The World Factbook
The beauty of Mauritius is beyond words. Rich with lush forest, wild waterfalls, unique wildlife, Rocky Mountains, white sand beaches and breathtaking crystal clear turquoise lagoons, Mauritius is a dream holiday destination for tourists from all over the world.
Mauritius is becoming one of the most popular destinations for tourists from all over the world looking for a high-end holiday on a tropic amazing paradise island. Mauritius possesses a wide range of natural attractions as well as many man-made attractions, all for you to enjoy a sub-tropical climate, clear postcard beaches, calm sea conditions, tropical fauna and flora complemented by a multi-ethnic and cultural population that is friendly and welcoming. These tourism assets are Mauritius’ main strength, especially since top class beach resorts and hotels; reliable and operational services and infrastructures back them up.
The hotel industry in Mauritius is a very well organized industry. The industry has constantly upgraded the quality of accommodation to cater to the demands of the International traveler. Many resorts and hotels have been accommodated with the latest technology and services for the indulgence of tourists, with their large variety of services like the sauna, massages, private Jacuzzi, well-designed gardens, providing fairy like atmosphere.
Mauritius is one of the world’s top luxury tourism destinations. It possesses a wide range of natural and man-made attractions, enjoys a tropical climate with clear warm sea waters, attractive beaches, tropical fauna and flora complemented by a multi-ethnic and cultural population that is friendly and welcoming. These tourism assets are its main strength, especially since well-designed and run hotels, and reliable and operational services and infrastructures back them up. Mauritius received the World Leading island Destination award for the third time and World’s Best Beach at the World Travel Awards in January 2012.
Mauritius will enchant you; will uplift your soul, making you feel that you belong to the chosen few. Every visitor enjoys personal attention. Every encounter is an opportunity to discover a friendly face. Behind each smile lies the promise of a unique holiday.
The contrast of a multitude of colors and tastes, the island, set in its turquoise sea, is an oasis of peace and tranquility. Mauritius, a melting pot where past and present are smoothly blended together, offers an essential beauty that will compel to return to its shores time and time again. May your stay with us remain engraved in your memory forever
- Grand Bay. It was the first area of the island to fully experience the tourist boom. A shopping and leisure paradise, Grand Bay is also where Mauritians go when they want a fun-filled night out (restaurants, bars and discos)
- Pereybere. The wonderful Pereybere public beach is popular because of its shopping facilities, restaurants and pubs.
- Balaclava Ruins. A few metres away from Baie aux Tortues, which 17th century sailors named after the many tortoises in the area, can be found the ruins of the old Balaclava estate.
- Triolet Shivala. The longest village on the island, Triolet offers an opportunity to visit the biggest Hindu temple, the Maheswarnath, first built in 1819 in honour of the Gods Shiva, Krishna, Vishnu, Muruga, Brahma and Ganesha
- Labourdonnais Orchards — Discover a large variety of tropical fruit trees, and colourful and perfumed exotic flowers. Trips on mountain bikes or hiking are possible.
- Caudan Waterfront. The Caudan Waterfront and it’s surroundings has a great collection of local souvenir shops and other foreign brand materials such as clothes, spirits
- Blue Penny Museum. A modern museum dedicated to the history of Mauritius and the famous legend of Paul and Virginia.
- “Bazar” of Port-Louis (Central Market). Literally translated as “The market of Port Louis” — here you will find a variety of local snacks and tropical fruits.
- SSR Botanical Garden. If you want to see some plants originating from Mauritius, then this is the place for you.