Coat of Arms
President Filipe Jacinto Nyusi
»Unitary presidential republic
»801,590 km2 (35th)
»Per capita $1,169
»Per capita $650
»Mozambican metical (MZN)
Best of Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique is a country in Southeast Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west, and Swaziland and South Africa to the southwest. It is separated from Madagascar by the Mozambique Channel to the east. The capital and largest city is Maputo (previously called Lourenço Marques before independence).
Best of Mozambique is endowed with rich and extensive natural resources. The country’s economy is based largely on agriculture, but industry, mainly food and beverages, chemical manufacturing, aluminum and petroleum production, is growing. Best of Mozambique tourism sector is also growing. South Africa is Mozambique’s main trading partner and source of foreign direct investment. Portugal, Brazil, Spain, and Belgium are also among the country’s most important economic partners. Since 2001, Mozambique’s annual average GDP growth has been among the world’s highest.
The only official language of Best of Mozambique is Portuguese, which is spoken mostly as a second language by about half of the population. Common native languages include Swahili, Makhuwa, and Sena. The country’s population of around 24 million is composed overwhelmingly of Bantu people. Best of Mozambique is a member of the African Union, Commonwealth of Nations, the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, the Latin Union, Non-Aligned Movement and Southern African Development Community and an observer at La Francophonie.
The official currency is the New Metical (as of February 2013, 1 USD is roughly equivalent to 30 New Metical ), which replaced old Meticais at the rate of a thousand to one.
The old currency was redeemable at the Bank of Mozambique until the end of 2012. The US$, South African rand, and recently the euro are also widely accepted and used in business transactions.
In 2009, the GDP of Best of Mozambique was $20.19 billion, while the per capita income was $990. It is one of the poorest and most underdeveloped countries in the world.
The economy of the country is largely based on agriculture and manufacturing industries. Services accounts for 45.4% of the GDP, followed by industries (29%), and agriculture (25.6%). Unemployment rate stands at 14%.
Major industries include food, beverages, chemicals, petroleum products, textiles, cement, glass, and tobacco. Major trade flows are with Netherlands, South Africa, India, and China. It exports aluminum, prawns, cashews, cotton, sugar, citrus, and timber, while it imports machinery and equipment’s, vehicles, fuel, chemical, foodstuffs, and textiles.
Best of Mozambique is a member of the Southern African Development Community (SADC). The SADC free trade protocol is aimed at making the Southern African region more competitive by eliminating tariffs and other trade barriers. The World Bank in 2007 talked of Mozambique’s ‘blistering pace of economic growth’.
Mozambique is ranked 132 with an Economic Complexity Index (ECI) of -1.27369
Top 5 Products exported by Mozambique
- Raw Aluminium (22%),
- Aluminium Bars (18%),
- Refined Petroleum (13%),
- Coke (7.5%),
- Coal Briquettes (5.7%)
Top 5 Export destinations of Mozambique
- South Africa (21%),
- Netherlands (15%),
- China (13%),
- Italy (5.7%)
Best of Mozambique has excellent tourism assets. The country’s natural beauty, wildlife, and historic heritage provide excellent opportunities for beach, cultural, and Eco-tourism.
Do not forget to pack your camera and a pair of binoculars might be useful but are not a necessity. If you want to stay in contact, bring your cell phone, as there is wide cell phone coverage in Best of Mozambique. International roaming can be expensive and you can buy a local card cheaply in the local centers. South African cell phone provider Vodacom also has wide coverage in Mozambique.
Another useful item to pack is a hat, sunblock, and sunglasses, as the sun can be harsh in Best of Mozambique. A small torch is always useful, especially if you are traveling to a remote destination. It is a good idea to take along insect repellent for exposed areas of skin.
Pack light cotton-based clothing along with a couple of warm items such as a jacket, especially during the winter months (June to August) as it can be cool in the evenings. When dining in a restaurant smart casual is the norm â€“ short sleeved shirts and slacks for men and blouses, skirts and informal dresses for women. Shorts and vests may not be acceptable in many restaurants.
If you are planning on going on safari, it is a good idea to avoid brightly colored clothing as this disturbs the animals. Neutral colors such as brown, dark green and khaki are good. Be sure to pack sensible walking shoes and a hat.
Travel as light as possible as many of the smaller charter flights in Best of Mozambique have a low luggage limit. If you are self-driving in Mozambique you may need to take more, however, many items can be purchased in Best of Mozambique.
- Gorongosa National Park – At Gorongosa National Park you can see a variety of animal species and vegetation. Visitors can watch the majestic elephants roam across the landscape and if you are lucky, you can even see lion. The park is also home to buffalo, zebra and buck. Near water sources there are hippos and crocodiles. This is a bird watcher’s paradise with over 400 species of birds. Visiting this park is a way of traveling responsibly and giving back to the local community as it aids in conservation programs. Chitengo Safari Camp is open most of the year and it provides accommodations including swimming pools and a restaurant. Photographic safaris can also be arranged.
- Niassa Reserve – Niassa Reserve is a nature reserve with an area of 42,000 square km. The vegetation consists of Miombo forest, savannah and wetlands. The reserve is home to the African wild dog which is an endangered species. Elephant, sable antelope, buffalo, wildebeest and zebra can also be found in the reserve. There is a variety of species of birds. Located on the reserve is the Meculas Mountain which has a height of 1,441 meters.
- Pemba – Pemba is a popular tourist destination. It is a port city founded in 1904. Nestled in the heart of Pemba is a local market where you can buy handmade crafts and souvenirs. There is also colorful art sold at this market. Pemba is a good site for water sports and the nearby coral reef means that it is a good diving spot.
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