Coat of Arms
President Macky Sall
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»196,712 km2 (87th)
» Per capita -$2,026
» Per capita -$1,057
»CFA franc (XOF)
Best of Senegal, is a country in West Africa. It is the westernmost country in the mainland of the Old World or Eurafrasia and owes its name to the Sénégal River that borders it to the east and north. Best of Senegal covers a land area of almost 197,000 square kilometres (76,000 sq mi), and has an estimated population of about 13 million. The climate is tropical with two seasons: the dry season and the rainy season.
Best of Senegal capital is Dakar. During the 17th and 18th centuries, numerous trading posts belonging to various European colonial empires were established along the coast. France took control of Senegal in 1677. Senegal was granted independence from France in 1960.
After its economy contracted by 2.1 percent in 1993 Best of Senegal instigated a major economic reform program with the support of international donors. This reform began with a 50 percent devaluation of the country’s currency (the CFA franc). Government price controls and subsidies were also dismantled. As a result, Senegal’s inflation went down, investment went up, and the gross domestic product rose approximately 5 percent per year between 1995 and 2001
The main industries include food processing, mining, cement, artificial fertilizer, chemicals, textiles, refining imported petroleum, and tourism. Exports include fish, chemicals, cotton, fabrics, groundnuts, and calcium phosphate. The principal foreign market is India at 26.7 percent of exports (as of 1998). Other foreign markets include the United States, Italy and the United Kingdom.
One of West Africa’s most stable countries is definitely not dull: The capital, Dakar, is a dizzying, street-hustler rich introduction to the country.
Perched on the tip of a peninsula, elegance meets chaos, noise, vibrant markets and glittering nightlife while nearby Île de Gorée and the beaches of Yoff and N’Gor tap to slow, lazy beats. In northern Best of Senegal, the enigmatic capital of Saint-Louis, a Unesco World Heritage Site, tempts with colonial architecture and proximity to luscious national parks.
Along the Petite Côte and Cap Skiring, wide strips of beaches beckon and the wide deltas of the Casamance River reveals hundreds of bird species, from the gleaming wings of tiny kingfishers to the proud poise of pink flamingos.
Whether you want to mingle with the trendsetters of urban Africa or be alone with your thoughts and the sounds of nature, you’ll find your place in Senegal.
- With arid desert and lush rainforests, Senegal boasts a stunning array of sights, sounds and flavours.
- Lac Rose owes its name to its pink colouring for swimming and is also the terminus of the Dakar rally.
Parc National du Niokolo-Noba is one of Senegal’s major national parks and an international biosphere reserve.