Coat of Arms
President Ernest Bai Koroma
»Sierra Leonean, Sierra Leonese
»Presidential constitutional republic
»71,740 km2 (119th)
» Per capita -$1,344
» Per capita -$613
Best of Sierra Leone, officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, is a country in West Africa.
It is bordered by Guinea in the northeast, Liberia in the south-east, and the Atlantic ocean in the south-west. Best of Sierra Leone has a tropical climate, with a diverse environment ranging from savannah to rainforests.
Best of Sierra Leone has a total area of 71,740 km2 (27,699 sq mi) and an estimated population of 6 million (2011 United Nations estimate). Freetown is the capital, largest city, and its economic and political centre.
Bo is the second largest city and second major economic center in the country. The country is divided into four geographical regions: the Northern Province, Eastern Province, Southern Province and the Western Area, which are further divided into fourteen districts.
About sixteen ethnic groups inhabit Best of Sierra Leone, each with their own language and custom.
The two largest and most influential are the Temne and the Mende people.
The Temne are predominantly found in the north of the country, while the Mende are predominant in the south-east. Although English is the official language spoken at schools and government administration, the Krio language is the most widely spoken language in the country and unites all the different ethnic groups in the country, especially in their trade and social interaction with each other.
Two-thirds of the population of Best of Sierra Leone are directly involved in subsistence agriculture. Agriculture accounted for 58 percent national Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2007.
Agriculture is the largest employer with 80 percent of the population working in the sector.
Rice is the most important staple crop in Best of Sierra Leone with 85 percent of farmers cultivating rice during the rainy season and an annual consumption of 76 kg per person.
West Africa’s secret beach destination rises from the soft waters of the Atlantic, dressed in sun-stained hues, rainforest green and the red, red roads of the north. Best of Sierra Leone: the land so-named because it’s shaped like a mountain lion. Sweet Salone, the locals say.
In Freetown, colorful stilted houses remember the days when freed slaves from the Caribbean were resettled upon these shores. Some landed on the peninsula, blanketed with sands as white and soft as cotton wool.
In the north, the Loma Mountains – the protruding shoulder blades of this sun-drenched country – from the highest point west of Cameroon.
Further east, streams cut national parks and mangrove swamps water swathes of rainforest that shelter endangered species like the black-and-white colobus monkey and the shy, waddling pygmy hippo.
The curtains have been drawn on the painful past, the war scars have healed and it’s time for a new act in Sierra Leone.
Join the island hoppers and sun-seekers, swim in the clear blue waters, explore the archipelagos and crack open fresh lobster in the shade of skinny palms and rope strung hammocks.
- The beaches of the Freetown peninsula are spectacular, and on an average day, deserted. There are at least ten that could be described as world-class.
- Bonthe Town, on Sherbro Island, is a former British Colonial Town, with several beautiful stone churches, and a rich culture.
- Tiwai Island (in the middle of a river in SE Sierra Leone) is teeming with rare wildlife.
- Rural West African villages: experience hospitality and the tranquility of the bush.
- Snorkeling and scuba diving around Banana Island.
- The Turtle Islands, difficult to get to, but idyllic.
- Outamba-Kilimi National Park is a park consisting of savannas and jungles with diverse wildlife.
- Mount Bintumani is the highest mountain in Sierra Leone with excellent views of the summit.