Coat of Arms
Dr. John Pombe Magufuli
» Swahili, English
» Presidential constitutional republic
» 947,303 km2 (31)
» $86.4 billion
»Per capita $1,813
» $36.6 billion
»Per capita $768
» Tanzanian shilling (TZS)
» EAT (UTC+3)
Tanzania officially the United Republic of Tanzania, a country in East Africa within the African Great Lakes region.
It is bordered by Kenya and Uganda to the north; Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west; Zambia, Malawi, and Mozambique to the south; and the Indian Ocean to the east. Kilimanjaro, Africa’s highest mountain, is in northeastern Tanzania.
Tanzania’s population of 44.9 million is highly diverse, composed of numerous ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups.
Tanzania is a presidential constitutional republic, and since 1996, its official capital has been Dodoma, where the President’s Office, the National Assembly, and some government ministries are located.
Dar es Salaam, the former capital, retains most government offices and is the country’s largest city, its principal port, and its leading commercial center.
The United Republic of Tanzania is the second largest economy in the East African Community and the twelfth largest in Africa.
The country is largely dependent on agriculture for employment, accounting for about half of the employed workforce. An estimated 34 percent of Tanzanians currently live in poverty.
The economy has been transitioning from a command economy to a market economy since 1985. Although total GDP has increased since these reforms began, GDP per capita dropped sharply at first, and only exceeded the per-transition figure in around 2007.
Following the re-basing of the economy in 2014, the GDP expand by a third to $41.33 billion.
Tanzania is ranked 98 with an Economic Complexity Index (ECI) of -0.581139
Top 5 Products exported by Tanzania
- Gold (33%),
- Raw Tobacco (5.9%),
- Precious Metal Ore (5.6%),
- Coffee (3.4%),
- Coconuts, Brazil Nuts, and Cashews (3.3%)
Top 5 Export destinations of Tanzania
Top 5 Products imported by Tanzania
- Refined Petroleum (25%),
- Cars (2.5%),
- Delivery Trucks (2.1%),
- Palm Oil (2.1%),
- Telephones (2.1%)
Top 5 Import origins of Tanzania
- China (12%),
- Switzerland (8.8%),
- South Africa (8.6%),
- United Arab Emirates(8.4%),
- India (7.6%)
Tanzania has been listed on top five of the WORLD’S MOST “STUNNINGLY BEAUTIFUL” COUNTRIES TO VISIT.
Tanzania packs a lot of game reserve into a land area that is only two-fifths larger than Texas, including the incomparable plains of the Serengeti — 6,000 square miles of savannah teeming with hordes of wildebeest, gazelles and zebras and their predators.
Their annual search for new pasture and waters is the largest remaining unaltered animal migration in the world.
Tanzania can also boast Africa’s highest mountain, Kilimanjaro, whose forest slopes and savannah are a last refuge for many endangered species.
- Serengeti National Park, made famous by numerous Discovery Channel specials, hosts a wide range of wildlife, including lions, cheetahs, leopards, hippopotamuses, elephants, zebra, buffalo, water buck, crocodiles, gazelle, warthogs, and wildebeest.
- Ngorongoro Conservation Area also hosts an abundance of wildlife, particularly in the Ngorongoro crater.
- Ruaha National Park and Selous Game Reserve are far less popular but very enjoyable. You will find much greater variety of wildlife than you would in the Serengeti, if you’re looking for a destination with fewer tourists these parks are for you.
- Tarangire National Park is in the northern circuit of Tanzania and was named after the Tarangire river flowing within the park.
- Zanzibar is an island off the coast of Tanzania; it includes both Zanzibar and Pemba.
- Mafia Island Marine Park is south of Zanzibar and boasts some fantastic scuba diving and snorkeling.
- Bongoyo Island is easy to get to with a boat from slip way. It is has a remarkable beach with excellent snorkeling in clear water.
- Sinda Island is a small uninhabited island of ínner sinder’ and outer sinder’.
- Mbudya Island can be accessed from silver sands hotel. The water is amazing although it looks clear you cannot snorkel in it as it is surprisingly murky underneath the surface.
- Lazy Lagoon. There are just 12 rooms on the private 9km long white sandy island with deserted beaches.
- Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest peak in Africa and one of the highest freestanding mountains in the world. Many people travel to Tanzania just to climb this mountain.
- Mt Meru is an active stratovolcano located 70 kilometres (43 mi) west of Mount Kilimanjaro in the nation of Tanzania.