Coat of Arms
President Edgar Lungu
» Presidential republic
» 752,618 km2 (39th)
» 14,309,466 (70th)
» $23.967 billion
»Per capita $1,721
» $20.517 billion
»Per capita $1,473
» Zambian kwacha (ZMW)
» CAT (UTC+2)
The Republic of Zambia a landlocked country in Southern Africa, neighboring the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Namibia to the south, and Angola to the west.
The capital city is Lusaka, in the south-central part of the country. The population is concentrated mainly around Lusaka in the south and the Copperbelt Province to the northwest.
Originally inhabited by Khoisan peoples, the region was colonized during the Bantu expansion of the thirteenth century. After visits by European explorers in the eighteenth century, Zambia became the British protectorate of Northern Rhodesia towards the end of the nineteenth century. For most of the colonial period, the country was governed by an administration appointed from London with the advice of the British South Africa Company.
On 24 October 1964, the country became independent of the United Kingdom and then-prime minister Kenneth Kaunda became the inaugural president.
Kaunda’s socialist United National Independence Party (UNIP) maintained power from 1964 until 1991. From 1972 to 1991 Zambia was a single-party state with the UNIP as the sole legal political party under the motto ‘One Zambia, One Nation’. Frederick Chiluba of the social-democratic Movement succeeded Kaunda for Multi-Party Democracy in 1991, beginning a period of social-economic growth and government decentralisation.
In 2010, the World Bank named Zambia one of the world’s fastest economically reformed countries. The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) is headquartered in Lusaka.
In January 2003, the Zambian government informed the International Monetary Fund and World Bank that it wished to renegotiate some of the agreed performance criteria calling for privatization of the Zambia National Commercial Bank and the national telephone and electricity utilities.
Graphical depiction of Zambia’s product exports in 28 color-coded categories.
The Zambian economy has historically been based on the copper-mining industry. Out put of copper had fallen, however, to a low of 228,000 metric tons in 1998, after a 30-year decline in output due to lack of investment, low copper prices, and uncertainty over privatization. In 2002, following privatization of the industry, copper production rebounded to 337,000 metric tons. Improvements in the world copper market have magnified the effect of this volume increase on revenues and foreign exchange earnings.
Zambia is ranked 112 with an Economic Complexity Index (ECI) of -0.841345
Top 5 Products exported by Zambia
- Refined Copper (44%),
- Raw Copper (29%),
- Corn (5.5%),
- Raw Tobacco (4.9%),
- Raw Cotton (2.5%)
Top 5 Export destinations of Zambia
The land of the legendary African walking safari, Victoria Falls, the wild Zambezi River, abundant wildlife, and raw wilderness, all in one friendly country.Blessed with awe-inspiring natural wonders, an abundance of wildlife, huge water bodies and vast open spaces, Zambia offers unforgettable holidays exploring the real Africa.
Acknowledged as one of the safest countries in the world to visit, Zambia’s welcoming people live in peace and harmony. And here, in the warm heart of Africa, you will find some of the finest Safari experiences on the planet, including face to face encounters with Nature at its most wild.
Spectacular waterways provide adrenaline-thrills or a leisurely playground of activities for all ages.
Magnificent waterfalls, apart from the spectacular Victoria Falls, provide ‘cascade followers’ an adventure into the remote undeveloped rural areas where a taste of village life can be experienced.Spectacular daily sunsets are almost guaranteed
- Victoria Falls/Mosi-oa-Tunya – Arguably the world’s largest waterfall, Victoria Falls in Southern Province never ceases to amaze visitors.
- South Luangwa National Park – One of many national parks in Zambia, and the most popular, because it’s filled with abundant wildlife.
- Northern Circuit – Kasaba Bay on Lake Tanganika, one of Africa’s Great Lakes, is currently under development as a major tourist destination.
- Saturday Dutch Market – Every last Saturday of the month, Zambia’s largest open-air market sets up shop at the Dutch Reformed Church in the Kabulonga area of Lusaka.
- Lake Kariba – Spend a weekend on the world’s largest artificial lake, Lake Kariba, located in Southern Province on the Zimbabwean border. Stay in the town of Siavonga for a relaxing getaway.
- Western Province/Barotseland – A large and relatively remote province on the Angolan border. To get there, fly to the capital, Mongu, and hire a car, or self-drive.
- Kafue National Park – Although not as famous as South Luangwa National Park, Kafue National Park in Central Province is a good weekend getaway from Lusaka. It’s Zambia’s oldest and largest national park.
- Visit a compound – Most urban Zambians live in neighborhoods known as “compounds.” Ask a local whom you trust to take you in the daytime to one of the safer compounds.
- Kasanka Bat Migration – Each October, the world’s largest migration of giant fruit bats happens at Kasanka National Park in Northern Province. You’ll go batty with excitement or fear from the approximately eight million fruit bats.