REPUBLIC OF

EL SALVADOR


Flag

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Coat of Arms

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Location

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President

Salvador Sánchez Cerén

el salvador Salvador Sánchez Cerén
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Capital
»San Salvador

Official Language
»Spanish

Demonym
»Salvadoran

Government
»Unitary presidential constitutional republic

Area
»21,044.8 km2 (153rd)

Population
»5,744,113

GDP (PPP)
»$52,666 billion
» Per capita -$8,667.87

GDP (nominal)
»$28,986 billion
» Per capita -$4,776.12

Currency
»United States dollar (USD)

Time Zone
»CST (UTC−6)

El Salvador  literally “Republic of The Savior”, is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America. The country’s capital city and largest city is San Salvador, with other important cities including Santa Ana and San Miguel.

El Salvador borders the Pacific Ocean on the south, and the countries of Guatemala to the west and Honduras to the north and east. Its easternmost region lies on the coast of the Gulf of Fonseca, opposite Nicaragua. As of 2013, El Salvador had a population of approximately 6.29 million making it the most densely populated country in the region composed predominantly by Mestizos of European and Indigenous American descent.

El Salvador’s economy was predominantly agricultural until industry rapidly expanded in the 1960s and ’70s.  By the mid-1990’s El Salvador had expanded its service industry, and in the early 2000s it increased its amount of agricultural exports and number of reconstruction projects.

In 2004 El Salvador signed a free-trade agreement with the United States that further boosted its export income. However, in the late 1990s, these accomplishments had been offset by high oil prices, natural disasters, and a decline in the number of maquiladoras (manufacturing plants that import and assemble duty-free components for export).

El Salvador rawbeans

El Salvador is ranked 61 with an Economic Complexity Index (ECI) of 0.185774

Top 5 Products exported by El Salvador

  1. Knit T-shirts (14%),
  2. Coffee (5.7%),
  3. Knit Socks and Hosiery (4.5%),
  4. Electrical Capacitors (3.9%),
  5. Raw Sugar (3.7%)

Top 5 Export destinations of El Salvador

  1. United States (46%),
  2. Guatemala (13%),
  3. Honduras (13%),
  4. Nicaragua (5.7%),
  5. Costa Rica (4.3%)

Top 5 Products imported by El Salvador

  1. Refined Petroleum (12%),
  2. Crude Petroleum (3.8%),
  3. Light Rubberized Knitted Fabric(3.5%),
  4. Packaged Medicaments (2.8%),
  5. Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft(2.7%)

Top 5 Import origins of El Salvador

  1. United States (36%),
  2. Guatemala (10%),
  3. Mexico (6.7%),
  4. China (6.0%),
  5. Honduras(4.4%)

The countryside of El Salvador is breathtaking, with volcanoes and mountains offering “green” adventurers exactly what they are looking for. Many of environmentally-oriented community-based organizations promote eco-tourism, and there are a number of beautiful and secluded beaches and forests scattered throughout the country.

A well-maintained and practically deserted national park is found in the west at Bosque El Imposible. Additionally, there is Montecristo Cloud Forest, and a quaint fishing village with incredible local hospitality and remote coconut islands in La Isla de Méndez. Isla de Olomega in the department of San Miguel is an excellent eco-tourism destination, as are the beautiful Isla El Cajete in Sonsonate, Isla San Sebastian, Conchagua, Conchaguita, Isla Conejo, Isla Teopan, and Isla Meanguera.

One should also visit the colonial towns of Apaneca, Juayua, Panchimalco, and Suchitoto as well as the Mayan sites of San Andrés, Joya de Cerén (The Pompeii of Central America and an UNESCO World Heritage Site), and Tazumal, whose main pyramid rises some 75 feet into the air. The on-site museum showcases artifacts from the Pipil culture (the builders of Tazumal), as well as paintings that illustrate life in pre-Hispanic El Salvador. Souvenir hunters will find some of the best artisans in San Juan el Espino and in La Palma (the artisan capital of El Salvador).

The capital, San Salvador, is a cosmopolitan city with good restaurants highlighting the country’s fresh seafood, as well as plenty of shopping, entertainment and nightlife.

San Miguel in the East offers tourists a more authentic way to see El Salvador by getting off the beaten track to see its countryside, coastline and lakes

To See
  • The countryside of El Salvador is breathtaking, with volcanoes and mountains offering “green” adventurers exactly what they are looking for.
  • Many of environmentally-oriented community-based organizations promote eco-tourism, and there are a number of beautiful and secluded beaches and forests scattered throughout the country.
  • A well-maintained and practically deserted national park is found in the west at Bosque El Imposible. Additionally, there is Montecristo Cloud Forest, and a quaint fishing village with incredible local hospitality and remote coconut islands in La Isla de Méndez. Isla de Olomega in the department of San Miguel is an excellent eco-tourism destination, as are the beautiful Isla El Cajete in Sonsonate, Isla San Sebastian, Conchagua, Conchaguita, Isla Conejo, Isla Teopan, and Isla Meanguera.
  • One should also visit the colonial towns of Apaneca, Juayua, Panchimalco, and Suchitoto as well as the Mayan sites of San Andrés, Joya de Cerén (The Pompeii of Central America and an UNESCO World Heritage Site), and Tazumal, whose main pyramid rises some 75 feet into the air.
  • The on-site museum showcases artifacts from the Pipil culture (the builders of Tazumal), as well as paintings that illustrate life in pre-Hispanic El Salvador. Souvenir hunters will find some of the best artisans in San Juan el Espino and in La Palma (the artisan capital of El Salvador).
  • The capital, San Salvador, is a cosmopolitan city with good restaurants highlighting the country’s fresh seafood, as well as plenty of shopping, entertainment, and nightlife.
  • San Miguel in the East offers tourists a more authentic way to see El Salvador by getting off the beaten track to see its countryside, coastline, and lakes


Links

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EXPORT

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INVEST

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