The Golden State

CALIFORNIA

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Emblem California

Location

California-Map

Governor Jerry Brown

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Capital
»Sacramento

Official Language
»English

Demonym
»Californian

Government
»Federal presidentialconstitutional republic

Area
»163,696 sq mi
(423,970 km2) 3rd

Population
»38,802,500 (2014 est)1st

GDP (PPP)
»$17.418 trillion (2nd)
» Per capita -$54,596 (10th)

GDP (nominal)
»$17.418 trillion (1st)
» Per capita -$54,596 (10th)

Currency
»United States dollar ($) (USD)

Time Zone
»(UTC−5 to −10)

California  is a state located on the West Coast of the United States.

California Walt Disney concert hall

It is the most populous U.S. state, with 38 million people, one in eight of the people who live in the U.S, and the third largest state by area (after Alaska and Texas).

California is bordered by Oregon to the north, Nevada to the east, Arizona to the southeast, and the Mexican state of Baja California to the south.

It contains the nation’s second most populous census statistical area(Greater Los Angeles Area) and the fifth most populous (San Francisco Bay Area), and eight of the nation’s 50 most populated cities (Los Angeles, San Diego, San Jose, San Francisco, Fresno, Sacramento, Long Beach, and Oakland). Sacramento has been state capital since 1854.

What is now California was first settled by various Native American tribes before being explored by a number of European expeditions during the 16th and 17th centuries.

It was then claimed by the Spanish Empire as part of Alta California in the larger territory of New Spain. Alta California became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its successful war for independence but was ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Mexican–American War.

The western portion of Alta California was organized as the State of California, which was admitted as the 31st state on September 9, 1850.

The California Gold Rush starting in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic change, with large-scale immigration from the east and abroad with an accompanying economic boom.

California Hollywood_boulevard_from_kodak_theatre

California’s diverse geography ranges from the Sierra Nevada in the east to the Pacific Coast in the west, from the Redwood–Douglas-fir forests of the northwest to the Mojave Desert areas in the southeast.

The economy of California is large enough to be comparable to that of the largest of countries.

As of 2013, the gross state product (GSP) is about $2.203 trillion, the largest in the United States.

California tesla-model-s-assembly-line

California is responsible for 13.2 percent of the United States’ approximate $16.7 trillion gross domestic product (GDP). California’s GDP is larger than that of all but 7 countries in dollar terms (the United States, China, Japan, Germany, France, Brazil, and the United Kingdom), larger than Russia, Italy, India, Canada, Australia, and Spain.

In Purchasing Power Parity, it is larger than all but 10 countries (the United States, China, India, Japan, Germany, Russia, Brazil, France, the United Kingdom, and Indonesia), larger than Italy, Mexico, Spain, South Korea, Saudi Arabia, and Canada.

California’s GDP is larger than that of all but 7 countries in dollar terms (the United States, China, Japan, Germany, France, Brazil, and the United Kingdom), larger than Russia, Italy, India, Canada, Australia, and Spain.

In Purchasing Power Parity, it is larger than all but 10 countries (the United States, China, India, Japan, Germany, Russia, Brazil, France, the United Kingdom, and Indonesia), larger than Italy, Mexico, Spain, South Korea, Saudi Arabia, and Canada.

The five largest sectors of employment in California are trade, transportation, and utilities; government; professional and business services; education and health services; and leisure and hospitality. In output, the five largest sectors are financial services, followed by trade, transportation, and utilities; education and health services; government; and manufacturing.

California’s economy is dependent on trade and international related commerce accounts for about one-quarter of the state’s economy.

In 2008, California exported $144 billion worth of goods, up from $134 billion in 2007 and $127 billion in 2006. Computers and electronic products are California’s top export, accounting for 42 percent of all the state’s exports in 2008.

Agriculture is an important sector in California’s economy. Farming-related sales more than quadrupled over the past three decades, from $7.3 billion in 1974 to nearly $31 billion in 2004.

This increase has occurred despite a 15 percent decline in acreage devoted to farming during the period. Factors contributing to the growth in sales-per-acre include more intensive use of active farmlands and technological improvements in crop production. In 2008, California’s 81,500 farms and ranches generated $36.2 billion products revenue.

In 2011, that number grew to $43.5 billion products revenue. According to the USDA in 2011, the three largest California agricultural products by value were milk and cream, shelled almonds, and grapes.

The United States is ranked 12 with an Economic Complexity Index (ECI) of 1.55556

Top 5 Products exported by The United States

  1. Cars (4.4%),
  2. Refined Petroleum (4.2%),
  3. Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft(3.2%),
  4. Packaged Medicaments (3.1%),
  5. Gas Turbines (2.4%)

Top 5 Export destinations of The United States

  1. Canada (13%),
  2. Mexico (11%),
  3. China (9.3%),
  4. Japan (5.5%),
  5. Germany(4.9%)

Top 5 Products imported by The United States

  1. Cars (8.3%),
  2. Computers (5.4%),
  3. Crude Petroleum (5.3%),
  4. Packaged Medicaments (2.6%),
  5. Broadcasting Equipment (2.5%)

Top 5 Import origins ofThe United States

  1. China (22%),
  2. Mexico (14%),
  3. Canada (9.8%),
  4. Japan (7.8%),
  5. Germany(6.0%)

From towering redwood forests in foggy Northern California to perfectly sun-kissed surf beaches in Southern California, this Golden State alongside the Pacific is a prize.
Don’t be fooled by it’s perpetually fresh outlook and gung-ho attitude: California is older than it seems.

Calfornia Venice Beach

Coastal bluffs and snowy peaks were created over millennia of tectonic upheavals that have threatened to shake California right off the continent.

After unchecked 19th-century mining, logging and oil drilling threatened to undermine the state’s natural splendors, California’s pioneering environmentalists – including John Muir and the Sierra Club – rescued old-growth trees and spurred the creation of national and state parks that still astound visitors today..

The wonder about hitting California’s highways and byways is that things get more dramatic with every winding mile you detour from the big cities – trees get bigger, picturesque towns cuter and beaches more idyllic.

Hug scenic oceanfront cliffs on Hwys 1 and 101 from Mexico to Oregon, or take an equally winding jaunt through historic Gold Country along Hwy 49. Follow pastoral back roads between vineyards in California’s many wine countries (it’s not just Napa), or take a weekend for a loop drive around Lake Tahoe. It’s enough for a lifetime of road trips.

From the Gold Rush to the dot-com bubble, California has survived extreme booms and busts, often getting by on its wits. Hollywood still makes most of the world’s movies and TV shows, fed by a vibrant performing arts scene on stages across the state.

Trends are kick-started here not by moguls in offices, but by motley crowds of surfers, artists and dreamers concocting the out-there ideas behind anything from skateboarding to biotechnology.

If you linger in art galleries, cafes and bars, you may actually see the future coming.

California palace-of-fine-arts-san-francisco

Hollywood still makes most of the world’s movies and TV shows, fed by a vibrant performing arts scene on stages across the state.

Trends are kick-started here not by moguls in offices, but by motley crowds of surfers, artists and dreamers concocting the out-there ideas behind anything from skateboarding to biotechnology.

If you linger in art galleries, cafes, and bars, you may actually see the future coming.

To See
  • Los Angeles, home to the world-famous Hollywood sign, the Walk of Fame, the Graumann’s Chinese Theater, Beverly Hills and Rodeo Drive, and miles of wide, sandy beaches.
  • San Francisco, with the iconic Golden Gate Bridge, Alcatraz, a large Chinatown, Italian North Beach, cable cars, and numerous hills.
  • San Diego has a world famous zoo and separate safari park (formerly the wild animal park), the Sea World marine theme park, and a vibrant, renovated downtown core complete with major league baseball stadium
  • Anaheim, home to the literal ancestor of all modern theme parks, Disneyland
  • Santa Barbara, city on a south-facing coast which styles itself, with some justification, as “the American Riviera.”
Links

TOURISM

California Visit California Tourism Logo

EXPORT

California Sacramento Metro Chamber of Commerce Logo

INVEST

California Governor's Office of Business and Economic Development Logo

SPONSOR

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