Coat of Arms
Governer John Hickenlooper
»Federal presidential constitutional republic
»104,094 sq mi (269,837 km2)
»5,355,866 (2014 est)22nd
»$17.418 trillion (2nd)
» Per capita -$54,596 (10th)
»$17.418 trillion (1st)
» Per capita -$54,596 (10th)
»United States dollar ($) (USD)
Colorado is a U.S. state encompassing most of the Southern Rocky Mountains as well as the northeastern portion of the Colorado Plateau and the western edge of the Great Plains.
Colorado is part of the Western United States, the Southwestern United States, and the Mountain States. Colorado is the 8th most extensive and the 22nd most populous of the 50 United States.
The state was named for the Colorado River, which Spanish travelers named the Río Colorado for the ruddy (Spanish: Colorado) silt the river carried from the mountains.
The Territory of Colorado was organized on February 28, 1861, and on August 1, 1876, U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant signed a proclamation admitting Colorado to the Union as the 38th state.
Colorado is nicknamed the “Centennial State” because it became a state 28 days after the centennial of the United States Declaration of Independence.
Colorado is bordered by Wyoming to the north, Nebraska to the northeast, Kansas to the east, Oklahoma to the southeast, New Mexico to the south, Utah to the west, and Arizona to the southwest, at the Four Corners.
Colorado is noted for its vivid landscape of mountains, forests, high plains, mesas, canyons, plateaus, rivers, and desert lands.
Denver is the capital and the most populous city of Colorado. Residents of the state are properly known as “Coloradans”, although the archaic term “Coloradoan” is still in use.
CNBC’s list of “Top States” for Business for 2010″ has recognized Colorado as the third best state in the nation, falling short to only Texas and Virginia.
Corn growing in Larimer County
The state’s economy broadened from its mid-19th-century roots in mining when irrigated agriculture developed, and by the late 19th century, raising livestock had become important.
Early industry was based on the extraction and processing of minerals and agricultural products. Current agricultural products are cattle, wheat, dairy products, corn, and hay.
The federal government is also a major economic force in the state with many important federal facilities including NORAD (North American Aerospace Defense Command), United States Air Force Academy, Schriever Air Force Base located approximately 10 miles (16 kilometers) east of Peterson Air Force Base, and Fort Carson, both located in Colorado Springs within El Paso County;NOAA, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in Golden, and the National Institute of Standards and Technology in Boulder; U.S. Geological Survey and other government agencies at the Denver Federal Center near Lakewood; the Denver Mint,Buckley Air Force Base, and Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals in Denver; and a federal Supermax Prison and other federal prisons nearCañon City.
In addition to these and other federal agencies, Colorado has abundant National Forest land and four National Parks that contribute to federal ownership of 24,615,788 acres (99,617 km2) of land in Colorado, or 37% of the total area of the state.
In the second half of the 20th century, the industrial and service sectors have expanded greatly.
The state’s economy is diversified and is notable for its concentration of scientific research and high-technology industries.
Other industries include food processing, transportation equipment, machinery, chemical products, the extraction of metals such as gold (see Gold mining in Colorado), silver, and molybdenum. Colorado now also has the largest annual production of beer of any state.
Denver is an important financial center.
A number of nationally known brand names have originated in Colorado factories and laboratories.
From Denver came the forerunner of telecommunications giant Qwest in 1879, Samsonite luggage in 1910, Gates belts and hoses in 1911, and Russell Stover Candies in 1923. Kuner canned vegetables began in Brighton in 1864.
From Golden came Coors beer in 1873, CoorsTek industrial ceramics in 1920, and Jolly Rancher candy in 1949. CF&I railroad rails, wire, nails and pipe debuted in Pueblo in 1892.
Holly Sugar was first milled from beets in Holly in 1905, and later moved its headquarters to Colorado Springs.
The present-day Swift packed meat of Greeley evolved from Monfort of Colorado, Inc., established in 1930.
Estes model rockets were launched in Penrose in 1958. Fort Collins has been the home of Woodward Governor Company’s motor controllers (governors) since 1870, and Waterpik dental water jets and showerheads since 1962.
Celestial Seasonings herbal teas have been made in Boulder since 1969. Rocky Mountain Chocolate Factory made its first candy in Durango in 1981.
Colorado has a flat 4.63% income tax, regardless of income level. Unlike most states, which calculate taxes based on federal adjusted gross income, Colorado taxes are based on taxable income – income after federal exemptions and federal itemized (or standard) deductions.
Colorado’s state sales tax is 2.9% on retail sales. When state revenues exceed state constitutional limits, according to Colorado’s Taxpayer Bill of Rights legislation, full-year Colorado residents can claim a sales tax refund on their individual state income tax return.
The United States is ranked 12 with an Economic Complexity Index (ECI) of 1.55556
Top 5 Products exported by The United States
- Cars (4.4%),
- Refined Petroleum (4.2%),
- Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft(3.2%),
- Packaged Medicaments (3.1%),
- Gas Turbines (2.4%)
Top 5 Export destinations of The United States
Top 5 Products imported by The United States
- Cars (8.3%),
- Computers (5.4%),
- Crude Petroleum (5.3%),
- Packaged Medicaments (2.6%),
- Broadcasting Equipment (2.5%)
Top 5 Import origins of The United States
- China (22%),
- Mexico (14%),
- Canada (9.8%),
- Japan (7.8%),
Universal Orlando, never venturing beyond their constructed environments, but do so and you will find Orlando has so much more.
Lovely tree-lined neighborhoods, a rich performing-arts scene and several fantastic gardens, nature preserves and museums in and around the city encourage a slower pace often passed over by visitors.
Even if you’re coming to Orlando for the theme parks, take a few days to jump off their spinning wheels of adrenaline-pumped fantasy to explore the quieter, gentler side of Orlando. You may be surprised to find that you enjoy the theme parks all that much more as a result.
From the flat plains of the eastern portion of the state to some of the Rocky Mountains’ highest peaks to the high desert and red rock country of the western reaches of the state, the landscape is incredibly varied, home to many diverse ecosystems and natural marvels, and supports a thriving hunting and outdoors culture that draws people from around the world.
And yet, the contrasts in the natural landscape are nothing compared to the political and social contrasts you will find here. Like much of the rest of the American West, Colorado is a traditionally rural state with a frontier heritage and a very pro-business attitude.
But here you will also find fiercely liberal communities in the college and resort towns that have been home to hippies and major countercultural figures. There’s a wide range of outlooks and attitudes here in a state that lives up to its nickname — “Colorful Colorado”.
- Denver is a vibrant city with plenty of attractions for visitors, plus a diverse collection of neighborhoods that can be attractions in themselves. Many of Denver’s older areas are the perfect density for exploration; you’ll find an interesting mix of apartments and homes with flowery front gardens, wide flagstone sidewalks, bright green lawns and big, shady trees. Capitol Hill, Highlands, Baker, Berkeley, Uptown, Sloan’s Lake, Cheesman, Washington, City and Congress Parks are just some of the neighborhoods bustling with people and places to see.
- Denver has many beautiful parks that are full of colorful gardens, meandering paths, crystal clear lakes, abundant wildlife and recreation opportunities. The city has a rich pioneer history, and there are plenty of museums where you can learn all about it. It’s also a very environmentally conscious city, with one of the nation’s first municipal “Green Fleets”, public transit vehicles using hybrid and alternative fuel and a city tree-planting initiative. Hop on a green bus, grab a bike or just walk around to discover Denver.