The Volunteer State

TENNESSEE

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Country
» United State of America

State
» Tennessee

Capital 
» Nashville

Official Language
» English

Demonym
»Tennessean

Government
»General Assembly

Area
»42,143 sq mi (109,247 km2)

Population
»6,549,352 (2014 est)

Currency
» USD $ United States Dollars

Time Zone
»Eastern: UTC -5/-4

Tennessee  is a U.S. state located in the Southeastern United States. Tennessee is the 36th largest and the 17th most populous of the 50 United States. Tennessee is bordered by Kentucky and Virginia to the north, North Carolina to the east, Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi to the south, and Arkansas and Missouri to the west.

The Appalachian Mountains dominate the eastern part of the state, and the Mississippi River forms the state’s western border. Tennessee’s capital and second largest city is Nashville, which has a population of 601,222. Memphis is the state’s largest city, with a population of 653,450.

tennessee nashville

The state of Tennessee is rooted in the Watauga Association, a 1772 frontier pact generally regarded as the first constitutional government west of the Appalachians.

What is now Tennessee was initially part of North Carolina and later part of the Southwest Territory. Tennessee was admitted to the Union as the 16th state on June 1, 1796. Tennessee was the last state to leave the Union and join the Confederacy at the outbreak of the U.S. Civil War in 1861. Occupied by Union forces from 1862, it was the first state to be readmitted to the Union at the end of the war.

Tennessee has played a critical role in the development of many forms of American popular music, including rock and roll, blues, country, and rockabilly.

Beale Street in Memphis is considered by many to be the birthplace of the blues, with musicians such as W.C. Handy performing in its clubs as early as 1909.

Tennessee Elvis

Memphis is also home to Sun Records, where musicians such as Elvis Presley, Johnny Cash, Carl Perkins, Jerry Lee Lewis, Roy Orbison, and Charlie Rich began their recording careers, and where rock and roll took shape in the 1950s.

The 1927 Victor recording sessions in Bristol generally mark the beginning of the country music genre and the rise of the Grand Ole Opry in the 1930s helped make Nashville the center of the country music recording industry.

Three brick-and-mortar museums recognize Tennessee’s role in nurturing various forms of popular music: the Memphis Rock N’ Soul Museum, the Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum in Nashville, and the International Rock-A-Billy Museum in Jackson. Moreover, the Rockabilly Hall of Fame, an online site recognizing the development of rockabilly in which Tennessee played a crucial role, is based in Nashville.

Tennessee’s major industries include agriculture, manufacturing, and tourism. Poultry, soybeans, and cattle are the state’s primary agricultural products,]and major manufacturing exports include chemicals, transportation equipment, and electrical equipment.

According to the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, in 2011 Tennessee’s real gross state product was $233.997 billion.

In 2003, the per capita personal income was $28,641, 36th in the nation, and 91% of the national per capita personal income of $31,472. In 2004, the median household income was $38,550, 41st in the nation, and 87% of the national median of $44,472.

For 2012, the state held an asset surplus of $533 million, one of only eight states in the nation to report a surplus.

Tennessee Cattle Ranch

Major outputs for the state include textiles, cotton, cattle, and electrical power. Tennessee has over 82,000 farms, roughly 59 percent of which accommodate beef cattle.

Although cotton was an early crop in Tennessee, large-scale cultivation of the fiber did not begin until the 1820s with the opening of the land between the Tennessee and Mississippi Rivers.

The upper wedge of the Mississippi Delta extends into southwestern Tennessee, and it was in this fertile section that cotton took hold.Soybeans are also heavily planted in West Tennessee, focusing on the northwest corner of the state.

Tennessee Nissan

Major corporations with headquarters in Tennessee include FedEx, AutoZone and International Paper, all based in Memphis;Pilot Corporation and Regal Entertainment Group, based in Knoxville; Eastman Chemical Company, based in Kingsport; the North American headquarters of Nissan Motor Company, based in Franklin; Hospital Corporation of America and Caterpillar Financial, based in Nashville; and Unum, based in Chattanooga.

Tennessee is also the location of the Volkswagen factory in Chattanooga, a $2 billion polysilicon production facility by Wacker Chemie in Bradley County, and a $1.2 billion polysilicon production facility by Hemlock Semiconductor in Clarksville.

Tennessee is a right to work state, as are most of its Southern neighbors. Unionization has historically been low and continues to decline as in most of the U.S. generally. As of November 2011, the state had an unemployment rate of 8.4%.

Top 5 Products exported by The United States

Cars (4.4%),

Refined Petroleum (4.2%),

Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft (3.2%),

Packaged Medicaments (3.1%),

Gas Turbines (2.4%)

Top 5 Export destinations of The United States

Canada (13%),

Mexico (11%),

China (9.3%),

Japan (5.5%),

Germany (4.9%)

Top 5 Products imported by The United States

Cars (8.3%),

Computers (5.4%),

Crude Petroleum (5.3%),

Packaged Medicaments (2.6%),

Broadcasting Equipment (2.5%)

Top 5 Import origins of The United States

China (22%),

Mexico (14%),

Canada (9.8%),

Japan (7.8%),

Germany (6.0%)

Here, the folk music of the Scots-Irish mountain-dwellers in the east combined with the bluesy rhythms of the African Americans in the western Mississippi bottomlands to give birth to the modern country music that makes Nashville famous.

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Most states have one official state song. Tennessee has seven.

Here, the folk music of the Scots-Irish mountain-dwellers in the east combined with the bluesy rhythms of the African Americans in the western Mississippi bottomlands to give birth to the modern country music that makes Nashville famous.

These three geographic regions, represented by the three stars on the Tennessee flag, have their own unique beauty: the heather-colored peaks of the Great Smoky Mountains descend into lush green valleys in the central plateau around ­Nashville and then onto the hot, sultry lowlands near Memphis.

In Tennessee, you can hike shady mountain trails in the morning, and by evening be stomping your feet in a Nashville honky- tonk or walking the streets of Memphis with Elvis’ ghost.

Tennessee Maynardville-musicians

From country churches where snake handlers still speak in tongues to modern cities where record execs wear their sunglasses even at night, Tennesseans are a zesty lot.

These three geographic regions, represented by the three stars on the Tennessee flag, have their own unique beauty: the heather-colored peaks of the Great Smoky Mountains descend into lush green valleys in the central plateau around ­Nashville and then onto the hot, sultry lowlands near Memphis.

In Tennessee, you can hike shady mountain trails in the morning, and by evening be stomping your feet in a Nashville honky- tonk or walking the streets of Memphis with Elvis’ ghost.

From country churches where snake handlers still speak in tongues to modern cities where record execs wear their sunglasses even at night, Tennesseans are a zesty lot.

To See
  • Rock City, near Chattanooga. Famous for “See Rock City” signs all over the southeastern United States, especially on birdhouses.
    Graceland, in Memphis.
  • Explore the mighty Mississippi on the Memphis Queen Line Riverboats.
  • Take a 7 to 10-mile round trip cruise on a Paddlewheeler along the downtown Memphis Riverfront and experience a bit of Memphis history.
  • Enjoy a daytime cruise on the General Jackson Showboat along the Cumberland River in Nashville.
  • This 19th Century, 200-foot riverboat entertains as it shows off the Music City from a water perspective.Just west of Pikeville is Fall Creek Falls State Park.
  • Hike out to see the tallest waterfall (at 256 feet) in the eastern United States.
  • Go white water rafting near the Pigeon Forge and Gatlinburg areas with a guided river tour down the Big Pigeon River that can be catered to your little one with introductory whitewater or fit to challenge the older kids in your group.
  • Chattanooga has rafting down the Ocoee River for the adventurous type, but for more of a “water stroll” choose aguided kayak tour for kids 8 and over.
Links

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Tennessee Nashville Chamber of Commerce

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Tennessee Department of Economic and Community Development

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