REPUBLIC OF

ARGENTINA


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Argentina Flag

Coat of Arms

Argentina Coat of Arms

Location

Argentina Location Map

President Mauricio Macri

Argentina Mauricio Macri
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Capital
»Buenos Aires

Official Language
»Spanish

Demonym
»Argentine, Argentinian

Government
»Federal presidential constitutional republic

Area
»2,780,400 km2 (8th)

Population
»40,117,096 (32nd)

GDP (PPP)
»$927.382 billion (25th)
» Per capita -$22,101 (55th)

GDP (nominal)
»$536.155 billion (24th)
» Per capita -$12,778 (60th)

Currency
»Peso ($) (ARS)

Time Zone
»ART (UTC−3

Argentina  is a federal republic located in southeastern South America. Sharing the Southern Cone with its smaller neighbour Chile, it is bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north; Brazil to the northeast; Uruguay and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east; Chile to the west and the Drake Passage to the south.

Argentina - Tigre, Buenos Aires

Tigre, Buenos Aires

With a mainland area of 2,780,400 km2 (1,073,500 sq mi), Argentina is the eighth-largest country in the world, the second largest in Latin America, and the largest Spanish-speaking one.

Argentina claims sovereignty over part of Antarctica, the Falkland Islands (Spanish: Islas Malvinas), South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.

A historical and current middle power and a prominent Latin American and Southern Cone regional power, Argentina is one of the G-15 and G-20 major economies and Latin America’s third-largest.

Argentina - San Telmo

San Telmo

It is also a founding member of the United Nations, WBG, WTO, Mercosur, UNASUR, CELAC and OEI. Because of its stability, market size and increasing share of the high-tech sector, Argentina is classed by investors as a middle emerging economy with a “very high” rating on the Human Development Index.

Benefiting from rich natural resources, a highly literate population, a diversified industrial base, and an export-oriented agricultural sector, the economy of Argentina is Latin America’s third-largest.

It has a “very high” rating on the Human Development Index and a relatively high GDP per capita, with a considerable internal market size and a growing share of the high-tech sector.

Soybean meal and oil

Soybean meal and oil

Argentina’s economy has traditionally been based on agriculture, but the industrial and service sectors have also grown in importance in recent years. Livestock (cattle and sheep) and grains have long been the bulwark of its wealth; its cattle herds are among the world’s finest.

As an exporter of wheat, corn, flax, oats, beef, mutton, hides, and wool, Argentina rivals the United States, Canada, and Australia. Its other agricultural products include oil seeds, lemons, soybeans, grapes, and tobacco.

Argentina is the world’s largest source of tannin and linseed oil. The Pampa is the nation’s chief agricultural area; however, since the 1930s there has been a great rise in production in other areas, especially in the oases of the Monte and the irrigated valleys of N Patagonia.

Argentina Hereford cattle

Hereford cattle

Although Argentina has a variety of minerals, they are of local importance and are not completely adequate to support the country’s industries.

Domestic oil and gas production has made the nation self-sufficient in energy; pipelines connect the oil and gas fields with Buenos Aires and other major refining centers. Argentina also exploits its ample hydroelectric resources. The large coal field of S Patagonia has low-grade coal.

Food processing (in particular meatpacking, flour milling, and canning) is the chief manufacturing industry; motor vehicles, textiles, chemicals, petrochemicals, and steel are also major products.

Argentina’s principal imports are machinery, motor vehicles, chemicals, metals, plastics, and other manufactured goods.

Argentina is ranked 57 with an Economic Complexity Index (ECI) of 0.30442

Top 5 Products exported by Argentina

  1. Soybean Meal (13%),
  2. Corn (6.1%),
  3. Soybean Oil (5.4%),
  4. Cars (5.0%),
  5. Delivery Trucks (4.9%)

Top 5 Export destinations of Argentina

  1. Brazil (21%),
  2. China (6.3%),
  3. Chile (5.6%),
  4. United States (5.4%),
  5. Spain(3.3%)

Top 5 Products imported by Argentina

  1. Cars (7.9%),
  2. Petroleum Gas (6.0%),
  3. Vehicle Parts (5.9%),
  4. Refined Petroleum(5.9%),
  5. Telephones (3.4%)

Top 5 Import origins of Argentina

  1. Brazil (27%),
  2. China (15%),
  3. United States (13%),
  4. Germany (5.4%),
  5. Mexico (3.3%)

Tourism in Argentina is characterized by its cultural offerings and its ample and varied natural assets.

Argentina - Perito Moreno Glacier, Santa Cruz

Perito Moreno Glacier, Santa Cruz

The country had 5.28 million visitors in 2010, ranking in terms of the international tourist arrivals as the top destination in South America, and second in Latin America after Mexico.

Argentina - Las Lenas Skiing

Las Lenas Skiing

Revenues from international tourists reached US$4.93 billion in 2010, up from US$3,96 billion in 2009. The country’s capital city, Buenos Aires, is the most visited city in South America.

Argentina - Tango Dancing La Boca, Buenos Aires

Tango Dancing La Boca, Buenos Aires

To See
  • The Iguaçu Falls are one of the most spectacular natural wonders in the world
  • Fascinating as Argentina’s urban life may be, the country’s mighty natural attractions are at least as good a reason to come.
  • The landscapes are incredibly various, from the high peaks of the Andes and the famous Perito Moreno Glacier to cacti filled desserts, sandy Atlantic beaches and biodiverse wetlands.
  • With some 30 national parks in the country, there’s always a good place nearby to see some of the country’s natural wonders.
  • A highlight in the subtropical north is the spectacular Iguaçu Falls, easily one of the most impressive waterfalls on earth. Argentina’s wildlife includes flamingos, penguins, caimans and capybaras, sea lions and -at times- even whales. Especially when you’re visiting in autumn, the coastal town of Puerto
  • With some 30 national parks in the country, there’s always a good place nearby to see some of the country’s natural wonders.
  • A highlight in the subtropical north is the spectacular Iguaçu Falls, easily one of the most impressive waterfalls on earth. Argentina’s wildlife includes flamingos, penguins, caimans and capybaras, sea lions and -at times- even whales. Especially when you’re visiting in autumn, the coastal town of Puerto Madrynis a must.
  • From there you can easily make your way to Punta Tombo
  • Peninsula Valdes to go whale-watching and meet up close and personal with some of the million penguins who come to Patagonia each year to nest and raise their young. Head to El Calafate to organize your tour to the highly popular Los Glaciares National Park and see the famous glaciers and the icy Argentino Lake. Be amazed by the many colours and remarkable rock formations of Quebrada de Humahuaca, a mountain range in the north that extends far over the Bolivian border.
  • Drive through and spot traditional villages and indigenous women and their goat herds. Other great destinations for nature lovers include the Ibera wetlands (with the most diverse fauna in the country) and Talampaya National Park, a primary site for archaeological and palaeontological finds.


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