Coat of Arms
President Dilma Vana Rousseff
»Federal presidential constitutional republic
»8,515,767 km2 (5th)
»$3.073 trillion (7th)
» Per capita -$15,153 (77th)
»$2.244 trillion (7th
» Per capita -$11,067 (62nd)
»Real (R$) (BRL)
»BRT (UTC−2 to −5)
Brasil officially the Federative Republic of Brasil is the largest country in both South America and the Latin American region.
It is the world’s fifth largest country, both by geographical area and by population. It is the largest Portuguese-speaking country in the world, and the only one in the Americas.
Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brasil has a coastline of 7,491 km (4,655 mi). It borders all other South American countries except Ecuador and Chile and occupies 47.3 percent of the continent of South America. Its Amazon River basin includes a vast tropical forest, home to diverse wildlife, a variety of ecological systems, and extensive natural resources spanning numerous protected habitats. This unique environmental heritage makes Brasil one of 17 mega diverse countries, and is the subject of significant global interest and debate regarding deforestation and environmental protection.
Brasil is the largest national economy in Latin America, the world’s seventh largest economy at market exchange rates and the seventh largest in purchasing power parity (PPP), according to the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. Brasil has a mixed economy with abundant natural resources.
The Brasilian economy has been predicted to become one of the five largest in the world in the decades to come, the GDP per capita following and growing, provided that large investments in productivity gains are made to substitute the GDP growth of the last decade that is attributable to the increase in the number of people working.
Its current GDP (PPP) per capita is $15,153 in 2014 putting Brasil in the 77th position according to IMF data. Active in agricultural, mining, manufacturing and service sectors Brasil has a labor force of over a 107 million (ranking 6th worldwide).
Brasil is ranked 56 with an Economic Complexity Index (ECI) of 0.315644
Top 5 Products exported by Brasil
- Iron Ore (13%),
- Crude Petroleum (8.4%),
- Soybeans (7.0%),
- Raw Sugar (5.3%),
- Poultry Meat (2.8%)
Top 5 Export destinations of Brasil
Top 5 Products imported by Brasil
- Refined Petroleum (7.3%),
- Crude Petroleum (5.7%),
- Cars (4.3%),
- Vehicle Parts(3.1%),
- Petroleum Gas (2.7%)
Top 5 Import origins of Brasil
- China (15%),
- United States (14%),
- Argentina (7.4%),
- Germany (6.6%),
- South Korea (4.6%)
Tourism in Brasil is a growing sector and key to the economy of several regions of the country.
The country had 5.7 million visitors in 2012, ranking in terms of the international tourist arrivals as the first main destination in South America, and second in Latin America after Mexico. Revenues from international tourists reached US$6.6 billion in 2012, continuing a recovery trend from the 2008-2009 economic crisis.
Brasil offers for both domestic and international tourists an ample gamut of options, with natural areas being its most popular tourism product, a combination of ecotourism with leisure and recreation, mainly sun and beach, and adventure travel, as well as historic and cultural tourism.
Among the most popular destinations are the Amazon Rainforest, beaches and dunes in the Northeast Region, the Pantanal in the Center-West Region, beaches at Rio de Janeiro and Santa Catarina, cultural and historic tourism in Minas Gerais and business trips to São Paulo city.
- Amazon Rainforest – The Amazon River Basin holds more than half of the world’s remaining rainforest, and over 60% of that lies within the North of Brasil
- Atlantic Forest (Mata Atlântica) – A region of tropical and subtropical forest which extends along the Atlantic coast of Brasil from Rio Grande do Norte state in the Northeast to Rio Grande do Sul state in the South.
- Pantanal – A vast tropical wetland expand, one of the world’s largest. 80% of it lies within the state of Mato Grosso do Sul but it also extends into Mato Grosso (as well as into portions of Bolivia and Paraguay), sprawling over an area estimated at between 140,000 and 195,000 square kilometers (54,000-75,000 sq mi). 80% of the Pantanal floodplains are submerged during the rainy seasons, nurturing an astonishing biologically diverse collection of aquatic plants and helping support a dense array of animal species.
- Waterfalls (Cachoeiras) – Brasil has an amazing range of impressive waterfalls of all sizes and shapes. Iguaçu Falls, in eastern Parana, is one of the most spectacular waterfalls in the world, truly a sight to see. The 353-meter Cachoeira da Fumaça in Bahia’s Chapada Diamantina National Park is the country’s second highest waterfall after the Amazon’s almost inaccessible Cachoeira do Araca. Other famous waterfalls include Caracol Falls, in a Rio Grande do Sul state park of the same name near Canela, Itaquira Falls, an easily accessible 168-meter fall near Formosa, Goiás, and the gorge at Parque da Cascata near Sete Lagoas, Minas Gerais. Aside from the nationally famous falls, in many parts of the country, particularly the South, Southeast, and Central West regions, you are rarely far from at least one locally-famous, named waterfall worth a short hike.