Coat of Arms
Sheikh Jaber Al-Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-Sabah
» Kuwait City
» Unitary parliamentary
» 17,820 km2 (157th)
» $163.671 billion (58th)
»Per capita $58,080 (5th)
» $173.240 billion(52nd)
»Per capita $45,824 (8th)
» Kuwaiti dinar (KWD)
» AST / KSA (UTC+3)
Kuwait officially the State of Kuwait, is an Arab country in Western Asia. Situated in the northern edge of Eastern Arabia at the tip of the Persian Gulf, it shares borders with Iraq and Saudi Arabia. As of 2013, Kuwait has a population of 4 million people.
Kuwait is situated at the western head of the Persian (or Arabian) Gulf. Its area is estimated at 17,820 sq km (6,880 sq mi). Comparatively, the area occupied by Kuwait is slightly smaller than the state of New Jersey. Kuwait extends 205 km (127 mi) se–nw and 176 km (109 mi) ne–sw. Islands that form part of Kuwait include Faylakah (an archaeological site that is the only inhabited island), Bubiyan, Maskan, ‘Auha, Al-Warbah, Al-Kubr, Umm al-Maradim, Umm al-Nami, and Qaruh. Bounded on the e by the Persian Gulf, on the s and w by Saudi Arabia, and on the nw and n by Iraq, Kuwait has a total land boundary length of 462 km (287 mi) and a coastline of 499 km (310 mi).
The United Nations upheld Kuwait’s sovereignty, and in October 1963, Iraq formally recognized Kuwait’s independence. In March 1973, there were armed clashes on the Iraq–Kuwait border, but a settlement was announced in June 1975; negotiations to demarcate the border have continued intermittently. Again in August 1990, Iraq invaded Kuwait, asserting their right to reclaim it as their territory.
Kuwait has a geographically small, but wealthy, relatively open economy with crude oil reserves of about 102 billion barrels – more than 6% of world reserves. Petroleum accounts for nearly half of GDP, 95% of export revenues, and 95% of government income. Kuwaiti officials have committed to increasing oil production to 4 million barrels per day by 2020.
Budget surpluses have stayed around 30% of GDP, which has led to higher budget expenditures, particularly wage hikes for many public sector employees, as well as increased allotments to Kuwait’s Future Generations Fund. Kuwait passed an economic development plan that pledges to spend up to $130 billion over five years to diversify the economy away from oil, attract more investment, and boost private sector participation in the economy, though much of these funds have yet to be allocated.
Kuwait is ranked 103 with an Economic Complexity Index (ECI) of -0.647475
Top 5 Products exported by Kuwait
- Crude Petroleum (67%),
- Refined Petroleum (23%),
- Petroleum Gas (4.5%),
- Cyclic Hydrocarbons (1.8%),
- Ethylene Polymers (1.1%)
Top 5 Export destinations of Kuwait
Kuwait City has numerous attractions, which include excellent museums, a corniche ornamented with combed beaches and extravagant restaurants, modern shopping complexes and marinas, long, and lazy retreats, and new beach resorts.
Kuwait, in the cradle of one of the most ancient and most-contested corners of the world, is best described as a city state. For centuries Kuwait City has been like a magnet attracting Bedouin people from the interior, in search of a sea breeze and escape from recurring drought. Today the metropolis is still an oasis in a land of desert plains, but rather more of the cultural and culinary kind. Excellent museums, a corniche of combed beaches and lively restaurants, malls and souqs mark theKuwait City experience.
Outside the capital there are few attractions other than coastal resorts. Oil excavation dominates the flat desert plains and there are few distinctive geographical features. That said, there is always something to see in a desert, with a bit of patience and an eye for detail; when it comes to the ritual camping expedition, Kuwaitis have plenty of both.
As for travelers while in Kuwait, there are some definite rules that need to be followed to avoid any faux pas, so that local populace is not offended.
Kuwait Towers is one of Kuwait’s most famous landmarks. It is located on the Arabian Gulf Road in Sharq district. It was built in March 1979 and comprises of two major towers and a minor tower and an area of 38,000 m².
The Main Tower: It is 82 m above sea level and contains:
The ‛Horizon Restaurant’ (Ofok Hall) which serves lunch and dinner buffets with a daily new menu. The hospitality levels at ‛Horizon Restaurant’ reach the standards of sky-high hospitality.
The main tower also contains ‛Le Café’ coffee shop that serves light snacks, a variety of pastries and all kinds of refreshing beverages.
‛Dasman ’ballroom is an all-time favorite for special parties, events and business occasions. Plus it serves as an outside catering service to meet the needs of elite weddings and other executive functions.
The viewing sphere is situated 123 meters above sea level. It rotates to give its visitor a full view of Kuwait while enjoying themselves with or without a telescope and a cafeteria for light snacks, pastries and refreshing drinks. It rotates 360 degrees every half an hour.
- Failaka Island – A port with many old dhows, Failaka Island can be reached by regular ferry services. There are also some Bronze Age and Greek archaeological sites well worth viewing, including the island’s Greek temple.
- Al Jahra city – Traditional-style boums and sambuks (boats) are still built in Al Jahrah, although, nowadays, vessels are destined to work as pleasure boats rather than pearl fishing or trading vessels.
- Mina Al Ahmadi – Lying 19km (12 miles) south of Kuwait City, is an oil port with immense jetties for supertanker traffic.
- Kazmah desert cliffs – Being one of the few elevations in the Kuwaiti desert these cliffs allow a good view on the bay if the visibility is good.
- Desert – Although the city keeps growing, Kuwait is still largely a vast and uninhabited desert. Going away from the city many roads will take you to places where there is nothing but sand, sand and more sand.