Seal of Goa
Governor Mridula Sinha
» Western India
»Federal parliamentary constitutional republic
»Indian rupee () (₹) (INR)
Goa is India‘s smallest state by area and the fourth smallest by population. Located in West India in the region known as the Konkan, it is bounded by the state of Maharashtra to the north, and by Karnataka to the east and south, while the Arabian Sea forms its western coast.
Goa is India’s richest state with a GDP per capita two and a half times that of the country as a whole. It was ranked the best-placed state by the Eleventh Finance Commission for its infrastructure and ranked on top for the best quality of life in India by the National Commission on Population based on the 12 Indicators.
Panaji is the state’s capital, while Vasco da Gama is the largest city. The historic city of Margao still exhibits the cultural influence of the Portuguese, who first landed in the early 16th century as merchants and conquered it soon thereafter. Goa is a former Portuguese province; the Portuguese overseas territory of Portuguese India existed for about 450 years until it was annexed by India in 1961.
Goa is visited by large numbers of international and domestic tourists each year for its beaches, places of worship and world heritage architecture. It also has rich flora and fauna, owing to its location on the Western Ghats range, which is classified as a biodiversity hotspot.
Goa’s gross state domestic product for 2007 is estimated at $3 billion in current prices. Goa is one of India‘s richest states with the highest GDP per capita — two and a half times that of the country as a whole — and one of its fastest growth rates: 8.23% (yearly average 1990–2000).
Tourism is Goa’s primary industry: it handles 12% of all foreign tourist arrivals in India. Goa has two main tourist seasons: winter and summer. In the winter time, tourists from abroad (mainly Europe) come to Goa to enjoy the climate. In the summer time (which, in Goa, is the rainy season), tourists from across India come to spend the holidays.
The land away from the coast is rich in minerals and ores and mining forms the second largest industry. Mining in Goa focuses on ores of iron, Bauxite, manganese, clays, limestone and silica. The Marmagao Port handled 31.69 million tonnes of cargo last year and accounts for over 39% of India’s Iron Ore exports.
.Agriculture, while of shrinking importance to the economy over the past four decades, offers part-time employment to a sizeable portion of the populace. Rice is the main agricultural crop, followed by areca, cashew and coconut.
India is ranked 54 with an Economic Complexity Index (ECI) of 0.361682
Top 5 Products exported by India
- Refined Petroleum (19%),
- Jewellery (6.5%),
- Packaged Medicaments (4.0%),
- Rice (2.2%),
- Cars (1.8%)
Top 5 Export destinations of India
The state of Goa, India, is famous for its beaches and places of worship, and tourism is its primary industry.
Tourism is generally focused on the coastal areas of Goa, with decreased tourist activity inland. Foreign tourists, mostly from Europe, arrive in Goa in winter whilst the summer and monsoon seasons see a large number of Indian tourists. Goa handled 7% of all foreign tourist arrivals in the country in 2011.
This relatively small state is situated on the western coast of India, between the borders of Maharashtra and Karnataka and is better known to the world as a former Portuguese enclave on Indian soil. Tourism is said to be the backbone of Goa’s economy.
- Anjuna Beach – Close to the Chapora Fort, its key attraction is a magnificent Albuquerque Mansion built in 1920, flanked by octagonal towers and an attractive Mangalore tile roof.
- Palolem Beach-a scenic beach in extreme south Goa with scenic rocks and islands off its shores. Good eating options.
- Patnem Beach – a small and quiet beach in Canacona Taluka.
- Vagator Beach – a beach in Bardez, neighbouring Anjuna.
- Morjim Beach – a beautiful beach, inhabited by Russian tourists. This place is popular among kitesurfers due to the shallow depth of the sea and a very wide beach.
- Asvem Beach – a quieter beach in extreme north Goa’s Pernem Taluka.
- Mandrem Beach – another beach in extreme north Goa’s Pernem taluka
- Candolim and Sinquerim Beaches in North Goa’s Bardez taluka. Once humble fishing villages.
- Colva Beach – This beach’s spectacle of sea, sand and sky blend in an enchanting natural harmony, weaving their magic spell on the visitors.
- Calangute Beach – aka Queen of all Beaches in Goa. Once highly rated. Now crowded. Baga Beach A family beach and charter tourist destination just outside Calangute.
- Baga Beach A family beach and charter tourist destination just outside Calangute.
- Chapora Home of the Chapora fort. Close to Vagator and Anjuna beaches. Also site for a fishing jetty where trawlers