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Bangalore, is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka. It is the third-most populous city in India, with over 8.4 million residents.Located in southern India on the Deccan Plateau, at a height of over 900 m (3,000 ft) above sea level, Bengaluru is known for its pleasant climate throughout the year. Its elevation is the highest among the major large cities of India.
Bengaluru is known as the “Silicon Valley of India” because of its role as the nation’s leading information technology (IT) exporter. Indian technological organizations ISRO, Infosys and Wipro are headquartered in the city. A demographically diverse city, Bengaluru is the second-fastest growing major metropolis in India.
Bengalūru’s 523 billion (US$8.2 billion) economy (2006–07 Net District Income) makes it one of the major economic centres in India, with the value of city’s exports totaling 432 billion (US$6.8 billion) in 2004–05. With an economic growth of 10.3%, Bangalore is the second fastest growing major metropolis in India,and is also the country’s fourth largest fast-moving consumer goods (FMCG) market. Forbes considers Bangalore one of “The Next Decade’s Fastest-Growing Cities”.
The headquarters of several public sector undertakings such as Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL), Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL), Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL), Bharat Earth Movers Limited (BEML), Central Manufacturing Technology Institute (CMTI) and HMT (formerly Hindustan Machine Tools) are located in Bangalore. In June 1972 the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) was established under the Department of Space and headquartered in the city.
Bangalore also houses several research and development centers for many firms such as ABB, Airbus, Bosch, Boeing, GE, GM, Google, Microsoft, Mercedes-Benz, Nokia, Oracle, Philips, Shell, Toyota and Tyco.
India is ranked 54 with an Economic Complexity Index (ECI) of 0.361682.
Top 5 Products exported by India
- Refined Petroleum (19%),
- Jewellery (6.5%),
- Packaged Medicaments (4.0%),
- Rice (2.2%),
- Cars (1.8%)
Top 5 Export destinations of India
- United States (12%),
- United Arab Emirates (12%),
- China (5.8%), Singapore (4.5%),
- United Kingdom (3.3%)
Top 5 Products imported by India
- Crude Petroleum (30%),
- Gold (11%), Coal Briquettes (3.5%),
- Diamonds (3.3%),
- Petroleum Gas (2.8%)
Top 5 Import origins of India
- China (11%),
- United Arab Emirates (7.5%),
- Saudi Arabia (6.5%),
- Switzerland (6.2%),
- United States (4.2%)
Known as both the “Garden City” and “The Silicon Valley of India,” Bangalore (officially “Bengaluru”) is a techie’s paradise, boasting the highest concentration of IT companies in the country.
When you’re done geeking out, there are plenty of gardens, museums, natural features, palaces and temples to fill your dance card. Visit Vidhana Soudha, Cubbon Park and the Ulsoor Lake of Bangalore, well known for its beautiful locales and boating facilities. Bangalore is also a major center of Indian classical music and dance, and of vivid, cutting-edge nightlife.
- Vidhana Soudha – The legislative House of the State of Karnataka, this granite building was built by Sri K. Hanumanthaiya, Chief Minister of the then Mysore state 1951 to 1956.
Soudha – Is it possible to gild a lily? This ultra modern construction, adjacent to majestic Vidhana Soudha built in the same classic style, is supposed to come fitted with the latest gizmos to help govern the state.
- Seshadari Iyer Memorial is a distinctive building constructed of red sand stone in Cubbon Park.
- Bangalore Palace was constructed by the Maharajahs of Mysore. For many years, the building was neglected as a tourist attraction,but is now open to the public.
- Tipu Sultan’s Palace, which dates from about 1790, is the summer retreat for Tipu sultan. The two story structure is made mostly out of wood with finely embellished balconies, pillars and arches.