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Chennai is the capital city of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Located on the Coromandel Coast off the Bay of Bengal, it is the biggest industrial and commercial centre in South India, and a major cultural, economic and educational centre.
Chennai is known as the “Detroit of India” for its automobile industry. Chennai is the fifth-largest city and fourth-most populous metropolitan area in the country and 31st-largest urban area in the world.
As a growing metropolitan city in a developing country, Chennai confronts substantial urban pollution, traffic congestion, poverty, overpopulation, and other logistic and socioeconomic problems.
The city is host to the third-largest expatriate population in India after Mumbai and Delhi, with 35,000 in 2009 and steadily climbing to 82,790 in 2011.
Chennai is the only city in South Asia and India to figure in the “52 places to go around the world” by The New York Times. Tourism guide publisher Lonely Planet has named Chennai as one of the top ten cities in the world to visit in 2015.
Chennai is ranked as a beta-level city in the Global Cities Index ahead of Hyderabad, Kolkata.
Chennai’s economy has a broad industrial base in the automobile, computer, technology, hardware manufacturing and healthcare sectors.
As of 2012, the city is India’s second largest exporter of information technology (IT) and business process outsourcing (BPO) services.
A major part of India’s automobile industry is based in and around the city thus earning it the nickname “Detroit of India”. It is known as the Cultural Capital of South India and is the most visited city in India by international tourists according to Euromonitor.
The city also serves as the location of the Madras Stock Exchange and the secondary financial hub in India following Mumbai.
Industrialisation in the city dates back to the 16th century when textile mills manufactured goods which were exported to British during its war with France.
According to Forbes magazine, Chennai is one of the fastest growing cities in the world and is rated in the “Forbes-Top 10 Fastest Growing Cities in the World”.
It is ranked 4th in hosting the maximum number of Fortune 500 companies of India, next only to Mumbai, Delhi and Kolkata. It also is home to 24 Indian companies having a net worth of more than US$1 billion.
As of 2012, the city has about 34,260 identified companies in its 15 zones, of which 5,196 companies have a paid-up the capital of over 50 lakh.
Chennai has a diversified economic base anchored by the automobile, software services, hardware manufacturing, healthcare and financial services industries
India is ranked 54 with an Economic Complexity Index (ECI) of 0.361682Top
Top 5 Products exported by India
- Refined Petroleum (19%),
- Jewellery (6.5%),
- Packaged Medicaments (4.0%),
- Rice (2.2%),
- Cars (1.8%)
Top 5 Export destinations of India
- United States (12%),
- United Arab Emirates (12%),
- China (5.8%), Singapore(4.5%),
- United Kingdom (3.3%)
Top 5 Products imported by India
Crude Petroleum (30%),
Coal Briquettes (3.5%), D
Petroleum Gas (2.8%)
Top 5 Import origins of India
United Arab Emirates (7.5%),
Saudi Arabia (6.5%),
United States (4.2%)
This metropolis is often called the cultural capital of India for its deep-rooted traditions and long heritage.
Chennai is a city younger than its image. More than any other city in India, it is a true reflection of this country’s diversity.
In a time span of just over 350 years, Chennai has blossomed into a charming city that has a large heart and is very welcoming. It is city that encourages all forms of development, both modern technology and the traditional arts and crafts, and it embraces a series of paradoxes.
It was in 1639 that Francis Day and Andrew Cogan, agents for the English East India Company, acquired a strip of land on lease from the Vijayanagar King. They built the Fort St.George, which remains of the city’s important landmarks and serves as the Government Secretariat today.
It was built to set up a factory that served as a nucleus for British settlements that began to be formed. Surrounding villages like Triplicane, Purasawalkam,
Egmore and Chetput slowly merged with the new developments, to from Chenna Patna, as it was known. The city was called Madras till 1996 and then renamed Chennai. Today this buoyant metropolis is a blend of the old and the new, the traditional and the modern.
- Marina Beach, is 12 km long and offers excellent opportunities for walks and has a very wide sandy foreshore. Its width is up to 300 m (985 ft). The Marina of Madras is the second longest urban beach in the world. it is an elegant promenade with flower beds along its lanes.
- Edward Elliot’s beach is spread along the coast down south from Marina. It is also the night beach for Chennai youth. This beach is comparatively quieter and it is located near Besant Nagar.
- Breezy Beach is located in the quiet neighborhood of Valmiki Nagar (Thiruvanmiyur) in Chennai. It is smaller and less popular than the Elliot’s beach.
- Covelong as it was known earlier, is a small fishing village located 40 km (25 mi) from Chennai on the way to Mahabalipuram