Coat of Arms
President Rosen Plevneliev
»Unitary parliamentary republic
»110,994 km2 (105th)
» Per capita -$17,869 (67th)
» Per capita -$8,037 (76th)
With a territory of 110,994 square kilometres (42,855 sq mi), Bulgaria is Europe’s 16th-largest country.
Organised prehistoric cultures began developing on Bulgarian lands during the Neolithic period. Its ancient history saw the presence of the Thracians and later the Greeks and Romans.
The emergence of a unified Bulgarian state dates back to the establishment of the First Bulgarian Empire in 681 AD, which dominated most of the Balkans and functioned as a cultural hub for Slavs during the Middle Ages.
With the downfall of the Second Bulgarian Empire in 1396, its territories came under Ottoman rule for nearly five centuries. The Russo-Turkish War (1877–78) led to the formation of the Third Bulgarian State.
The following years saw several conflicts with its neighbours, which prompted Bulgaria to align with Germany in both world wars. In 1946 it became a single-party socialist state as part of the Soviet-led Eastern Bloc. In December 1989 the ruling Communist Party allowed multi-party elections, which subsequently led to Bulgaria’s transition into a democracy and a market-based economy.
Bulgaria has an emerging market economy in the upper middle-income range, where the private sector accounts for more than 80 per cent of GDP. From a largely agricultural country with a predominantly rural population in 1948, by the 1980s Bulgaria had transformed into an industrial economy with scientific and technological research at the top of its budgetary expenditure priorities.
Top 5 Products exported by Bulgaria
- Refined Petroleum (13%),
- Refined Copper (7.2%),
- Packaged Medicaments (2.9%),
- Wheat (2.7%),
- Raw Copper (2.5%)
Top 5 Export destinations of Bulgaria
- Italy (10%),
- Germany (9.8%),
- Turkey (9.8%),
- Romania (7.1%),
- Greece (6.1%)
Bulgaria is a country in the Balkans on the western side of the Black Sea. It is surrounded by Romania to the north, Serbia to the northwest, the Republic of Macedonia to the southwest, Greece to the south, and Turkey to the southeast. Being located close to the Turkish Straits means the key land routes from Europe to Middle East and Asia pass through Bulgaria.
Bulgaria is one of the few exotic nations of Europe, due to the fact that it boasts sublime beaches, lovely churches, winter sport opportunities, to name a few. Although it is not regularly visited compared to other European nations, it is a beautiful place, with a wide range of activities for a traveller to do.
The 100 tourist sites of Bulgaria, a Bulgarian national movement established to promote national tourism covers some of the more popular sites. A reward scheme is available based on collecting stamps from the sites which encourage tourists to travel and sightsee throughout the country.
The Aladzha monastery (Aladza Monastir) near Varna: an old cave monastery built within chalk cliffs surrounded by a forest. Dated around 5th century.