PAPUA NEW GUINEA
Coat of Arms
Prime Minister Peter O'Neill
»Hiri Motu Tok Pisin English
»Papua New Guinean
»462,840 km2 (56th)
» Per capita -$2,834
» Per capita -$2,283
»Papua New Guinean kina (PGK)
»Time Zone AEST (UTC+10)
Papua New Guinea officially the Independent State of Papua New Guinea, is an Oceanian country that occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and its offshore islands in Melanesia, a region of the southwestern Pacific Ocean north of Australia. Its capital, located along its southeastern coast, is Port Moresby. The western half of New Guinea forms the Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua.
Papua New Guinea is one of the most culturally diverse countries in the world. 848 languages are listed for the country, of which 12 have no known living speakers. Most of the population of over 7 million people live in customary communities, which are as diverse as the languages. It is also one of the most rural, as only 18 percent of its people live in urban centres. The country is one of the world’s least explored, culturally and geographically, and many undiscovered species of plants and animals are thought to exist in the interior.
Papua New Guinea is richly endowed with natural resources, including mineral and renewable resources, such as forests, marine (including a large portion of the world’s major tuna stocks), and in some parts agriculture.
Agriculture, for subsistence and cash crops, provides a livelihood for 85% of the population and continues to provide some 30% of GDP. Mineral deposits, including gold, oil, and copper, account for 72% of export earnings. Oil palm production has grown steadily over recent years (largely from estates and with extensive outgrow output), with palm oil now the main agricultural export. In households participating, coffee remains the major export crop (produced largely in the Highlands provinces), followed by cocoa and coconut oil/copra from the coastal areas, each largely produced by smallholders and tea, produced on estates and rubber. The Iagifu/Hedinia Field was discovered in 1986 in the Papuan fold and thrust belt.
Papua New Guinea is ranked 134 with an Economic Complexity Index (ECI) of -1.32524
Top 5 Products exported by Papua New Guinea
- Gold (22%),
- Platinum Clad Metals (16%),
- Copper Ore (14%),
- Crude Petroleum (11%),
- Palm Oil (6.5%)
Top 5 Export destinations of Papua New Guinea
Travelling in Papua New Guinea can be challenging. With almost no tourism infrastructure and limited information available in books and on websites, it can feel like you’re stepping into the great unknown. But this is exactly why travellers find this country so compelling. Nothing is contrived for tourists and every experience is authentic – even the main island of Bougainville is a largely DIY travel experience. The striking natural beauty and myriad complex cultures offer some riveting and truly life-affirming experiences. The island of New Guinea, of which Papua New Guinea is the eastern part, is only one-ninth as big as Australia, yet it has just as many mammal.
The striking natural beauty and myriad complex cultures offer some riveting and truly life-affirming experiences. The island of New Guinea, of which Papua New Guinea is the eastern part, is only one-ninth as big as Australia, yet it has just as many mammal species and more kinds of birds and frogs. Papua New Guinea is Australia’s biological mirror-world. Both places share a common history going back tens of millions of years, but Australia is flat and has dried out while Papua New Guinea is wet and has become mountainous. As a result, Australian kangaroos bound across the plains, while in Papua New Guinea they climb in the rainforest canopy.
- The Kokoda Trail is a 60-mile trail, beginning in the Port Moresby area and leading up into the Owen Stanley Range. This trail was first used by gold miners in the 1890s and is most known as a historical World War II site as the Japanese tried to reach Port Moresby along it. It takes about five days to hike this track, which includes plenty of ups and downs between mountain ridges and streams.
- A Huli Wigman from the Southern Highlands of Papua New Guinea
- The Highland region is made of long string of fertile valleys, each separated by mountains, that mean the Highlands are composed of many distinct tribal regions.
- In the Eastern Highlands is Mount Wilhelm, Papua New Guinea’s highest mountain (14,880 feet). Climbing Wilhelm is relatively easy but three or four days are recommended to allow for sightseeing.
- There are views of both the north and south coasts of New Guinea from the peak. The Wahgi River in this area is considered one of the best whitewater rafting destinations in the world.
- Haus Tambaran in Sepik River Region
Madang is good for scuba diving of all levels,and the coral reefs are home to a variety of rare species of colourful fish. There are also underwater wrecks of Japanese fighter planes, with weapons and cargo intact. There are still-active volcanoes for trekkers to hike up not far from Madang.
- Further west you come to Wewak. It is the gateway to the Sepik River region with a fascinating culture distinct from that of the Highlands.
- Take long canoe rides up the river and it’s tributaries to visit the impressive Haus Tambaran.
- A Baining fire dancer entering the flames on New Britain
New Britain. This island offers excellent swimming and snorkelling. Trails in the area are perfect for day hikes and treks through the rainforest.
- There are also hot thermal springs and bubbling mud holes in this region of the island.
- The Baining people who inhabit the northeastern area of New
- Britain are famous for creating ephemeral art-forms, perhaps no better demonstrated than by their fire dance. A dramatic and beautifully made mask is constructed from bark for this ceremony and thrown away as worthless immediately afterwards.
- Well off-the-beaten-path in the far east of the country, with great untapped tourism potential. World-class diving, dramatic treks and World War II Japanese relics are the key attractions.
- Trobriand Islands. The so-called Islands of Love are well known for their unique culture.