Coat of Arms
President Yoweri Museveni
»Dominant-party semi-presidential republic
» Per capita -$1,414
» Per capita -$589
»Ugandan shilling (UGX)
Uganda, officially the Republic of Uganda, is a landlocked country in East Africa. It is bordered to the east by Kenya, to the north by South Sudan, to the west by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, to the southwest by Rwanda, and to the south by Tanzania. Uganda is the world’s second most populous landlocked country after Ethiopia.
The southern part of the country includes a substantial portion of Lake Victoria, shared with Kenya and Tanzania, situating the country in the African Great Lakes region. Uganda also lies within the Nile basin and has a varied but generally equatorial climate.
Uganda takes its name from the Buganda kingdom, which encompasses a large portion of the south of the country including the capital Kampala. The people of Uganda were hunter-gatherers until 1,700 to 2,300 years ago, when Bantu-speaking populations migrated to the southern parts of the country.
Beginning in the late 1800s, the area was ruled as a colony by the British, who established administrative law across the territory. Uganda gained independence from Britain on 9 October 1962.
The official language is English. Luganda, a central language, is widely spoken across the country, and multiple other languages are spoken including Runyoro, Runyankole Rukiga, Langi and many others.
Endowed with significant natural resources, including ample fertile land, regular rainfall, and mineral deposits, it is thought that Uganda could feed all of Africa if it was commercially farmed. The economy of Uganda has great potential, and it appeared poised for rapid economic growth and development.
The national energy needs have historically been more than domestic energy generation, through large petroleum reserves have been found in the west.
Uganda has substantial natural resources, including fertile soils, regular rainfall, small deposits of copper, gold, and other minerals, and recently discovered oil.
Uganda has never conducted a national mineral survey. Agriculture is the most important sector of the economy, employing over 80% of the workforce. Coffee accounts for the bulk of export revenues. Since 1986, the government – with the support of foreign countries and international agencies – has acted to rehabilitate and stabilize the economy by undertaking currency reform, raising producer prices on export crops, increasing prices of petroleum products, and improving civil service wages.
The policy changes are especially aimed at dampening inflation and boosting production and export earnings.
Since 1990 economic reforms ushered in an era of solid economic growth based on continued investment in infrastructure, improved incentives for production and exports, lower inflation, better domestic security, and the return of exiled Indian-Ugandan entrepreneurs.
Oil revenues and taxes will become a larger source of government funding as oil comes on line in the next few years.
Uganda is ranked 82 with an Economic Complexity Index (ECI) of -0.20216
Top 5 Products exported by Uganda
- Coffee (17%),
- Broadcasting Equipment (5.4%),
- Refined Petroleum (5.1%),
- Cement (4.1%),
- Fish Fillets (3.9%)
Top 5 Export destinations of Uganda
- Sudan (15%),
- Rwanda (8.8%),
- Democratic Republic of the Congo (8.7%),
- United Arab Emirates (6.5%)
Uganda was recently voted as the number one tourist destination for 2012 by Lonely planet (the largest travel guidebook and digital media publisher in the world.
Uganda is the Pearl of Africa, a country with fantastic natural scenery and a rich mosaic of tribes and cultures. Traveling through Uganda you will be captivated by its beauty, overwhelmed by the friendliness of its people and intrigued by all that Uganda has to offer.
Where else but in this uniquely lush destination can one observe lions prowling the open plains in the morning and track chimpanzees through the rainforest undergrowth the same afternoon, then the next day navigate tropical channels teeming with hippos and crocodiles before setting off into the misty mountains to visit the majestic mountain gorillas?
Uganda is the only safari destination whose range of forest primates is as impressive as its selection of plain antelopes. Besides the wide biodiversity, Uganda is also blessed with a vast bird population of more than 1,000 species.
- Uganda has a variety of landscapes which most tourists find interesting. The North is relatively flat and dry savannah while the East is mountainous and lush and the centre of Uganda hosts large forests.
- The national parks are beautiful and, on the whole, un-crowded. See the Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA) website for details of gorilla tracking, safaris, chimpanzee tracking and more.