Coat of Arms
Prime Minister Hani Al-Mulki
» Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
» 89,342 km2 (112th)
» $40.143 billion (107th)
» Per capita $6,134 (124th)
» $33.516 billion (92nd)
» Per capita $5,122(95th)
» Jordanian dinar (JOD)
» UTC+2 (UTC+2)
Jordan is an Arab kingdom in the Middle East, on the East Bank of the Jordan River. Jordan is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south and east, Iraq to the north-east, Syria to the north, and Israel to the west.
After the post-World War I division of West Asia by Britain and France, the Emirate of Transjordan was officially recognized by the Council of the League of Nations in 1922. In 1946, Jordan became an independent sovereign state officially known as the Hashemite Kingdom of Transjordan. After capturing the West Bank during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, Abdullah I took the title King of Jordan. The name of the state was changed to The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan on 1 December 1948.
Jordan is classified by the World Bank as a country of “upper-middle income”.The economy has grown at an average rate of 4.3% per annum since 2005. Approximately 13% of the population lives on less than US$3 a day.
The GDP per capita rose by 351% in the 1970s, declined 30% in the 1980s, and rose 36% in the 1990s. Jordan has a free trade agreement with Turkey. Jordan also enjoys advanced status with the EU.
Jordan is ranked 51 with an Economic Complexity Index (ECI) of 0.39794
Top 5 Products exported byJordan
- Calcium Phosphates (11%),
- Potassic Fertilizers (6.0%),
- Packaged Medicaments(5.6%),
- Mixed Mineral or Chemical Fertilizers (3.4%),
- Knit Sweaters (3.2%)
Top 5 Export destinations of Jordan
Tourism accounted for 10%–12% of the country’s Gross National Product in 2006. In 2010, there were 8 million visitors to Jordan. The result was $3.4 billion in tourism revenues, $4.4 billion if medical tourists are included. Jordan offers everything from world-class historical and cultural sites like Petra and Jerash to modern entertainment in urban areas most notably Amman. Moreover, seaside recreation is present in Aqaba and Dead Sea through numerous international resorts. Eco-tourists have numerous nature reserves to choose from as like Dana Nature Reserve. Religious tourists visit Mt. Nebo, the Baptist Site, and the mosaic city of Madaba.
Jordan has nightclubs, discothèques and bars in Amman, Irbid, Aqaba, and many 4 and 5-star hotels. Furthermore, beach clubs are also offered at the Dead Sea and Aqaba.
Jordan played host to the Petra Prana Festival in 2007 which celebrated Petra’s win as one of the New Seven Wonders of the World with world-renowned DJs like Tiesto and Sarah Main. The annual Distant Heat festival in Wadi Rum and Aqaba ranked as one of the world’s top 10 raves.
The capital Amman is in the north of Jordan, and the features are spread the length of the north south aspect of the country.
- Northern Jordan – North of Amman is also located the ancient city of Jerash, where one can see some of the most impressive Roman ruins in the Eastern Mediterranean world. Other sites include Umm Quais, Ajlun Castle and Pella (North West of Amman). Madaba and its Archaeological Park include some of the finest mosaics in the world.
- Western edge – Parts of the western edge of Jordans border is the Jordan river, and the Dead Sea. Close to the Dead Sea is Bethany (Jesus’s baptismal site). One should also visit the Dead Sea to experience floating without the fear of drowning.
- Southern Jordan – Wadi Rum is a desert landscape that leaves no one untouched. The Archaeological Ruins at Petra are Jordan’s biggest tourist draw and a must-see for anyone travelling in Jordan. Vast site, a couple of days are needed to really see the entire area.