Coat of Arms
President Xi Jinping
»Socialist single-party state
»9,596,961 km2 (3rd/4th)
»9.469 trillion (2nd)
» Per capita -$11,868 (89th)
»$9.469 trillion (2nd)
» Per capita -$6,959 (83rd)
»Renminbi (yuan)(¥) (CNY)
»China Standard Time (UTC+8)
China officially the People’s Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state located in East Asia.
It is the world’s most populous country, with a population of over 1.35 billion. The PRC is a single-party state governed by the Communist Party, with its seat of government in the capital city of Beijing.
It exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai and Chongqing), and two mostly self-governing special administrative regions (Hong Kong and Macau).
The PRC also claims the territories governed by the Republic of China (ROC), a separate political entity commonly known as Taiwan today, as a part of its territory, which includes the island of Taiwan as Taiwan Province, Kinmen and Matsu as a part of Fujian Province and islands the ROC controls in the South China Sea as a part of Hainan Province, a claim which is controversial due to the complex political status of Taiwan.
Covering approximately 9.6 million square kilometers, China is the world’s second-largest country by land area, and either the third or fourth-largest by total area, depending on the method of measurement. China’s landscape is vast and diverse, ranging from forest steppes and the Gobi and Taklamakan deserts in the arid north to subtropical forests in the wetter south.
The Himalaya, Karakoram, Pamir and Tian Shan mountain ranges separate China from South and Central Asia. The Yangtze and Yellow Rivers, the third- and sixth-longest in the world, run from the Tibetan Plateau to the densely populated eastern seaboard. China’s coastline along the Pacific Ocean is 14,500 kilometres (9,000 mi) long and is bounded by the Bohai, Yellow, East and South China Seas.
China is a sovereign state in East Asia. It is the world’s most populous country, with a population of over 1.35 billion.
Since initiating market reforms in 1978, China has shifted from a centrally planned to a market-based economy and experienced rapid economic and social development. GDP growth averaging about 10 percent a year has lifted more than 500 million people out of poverty. All Millennium Development Goals have been reached or are within reach.
With a population of 1.3 billion, China recently became the second largest economy and is increasingly playing an important and influential role in the global economy.
Yet China remains a developing country (its per capita income is still a fraction of that in advanced countries) and its market reforms are incomplete. Official data shows that about 98.99 million people still lived below the national poverty line of RMB 2,300 per year at the end of 2012. With the second largest number of poor in the world after India, poverty reduction remains a fundamental challenge.
Covering approximately 9.6 million square kilometers, China is the world’s second-largest country by land area, and either the third or fourth-largest by total area, depending on the method of measurement.
China had the largest and most complex economy in the world for most of the past two thousand years, during which it has seen cycles of prosperity and decline. Since the introduction of economic reforms in 1978, China has become one of the world’s fastest-growing major economies.
As of 2014, it is the world’s second-largest economy by nominal total GDP and largest by purchasing power parity (PPP). China is also the world’s largest exporter and second-largest importer of goods.
. The PRC has been a United Nations member since 1971 when it replaced the ROC as a permanent member of the U.N. Security Council. China is also a member of numerous formal and informal multilateral organizations, including the WTO, APEC, BRICS, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, the BCIM and the G-20. China is a great power and a major regional power within Asia and has been characterized as a potential superpower by a number of commentators.
China is ranked 22 with an Economic Complexity Index (ECI) of 1.05178
Top 5 Products exported by China
- Computers (9.9%),
- Broadcasting Equipment (5.2%),
- Telephones (4.3%),
- Office Machine Parts (2.2%),
- Integrated Circuits (2.0%)
Top 5 Export destinations of China
Top 5 Products imported by China
- Crude Petroleum (14%),
- Integrated Circuits (7.6%),
- Iron Ore (5.3%),
- Gold (3.6%),
- Cars (2.9%)
Top 5 Import origins of China
- Japan (10%),
- South Korea (9.3%),
- Other Asia (8.1%),
- United States (8.0%),
- Germany (6.0%)
Tourism in China has greatly expanded over the last few decades since the beginning of reform and opening. The emergence of a newly rich middle class and an easing of restrictions on movement by the Chinese authorities are both fueling this travel boom. China has become one of the world’s most-watched and hottest inbound and outbound tourist markets. The world is on the cusp of a sustained Chinese tourism boom.
China is the third most visited country in the world. The number of overseas tourists was 55.98 million in 2010. Foreign exchange income was 45.8 billion U.S. dollars, the world’s fourth largest in 2010. The number of domestic tourist visits totaled 1.61 billion, with a total income of 777.1 billion yuan.
According to the WTO, in 2020, China will become the largest tourist country and among the largest for overseas travel. In terms of total outbound travel spending, China is expected to be the fastest growing in the world from 2006 all the way to 2015, jumping into the number two slot for total travel spending by 2015.
- China’s attractions are endless and you will never run out of things to see. Especially near the coastal areas, if you run out of things to see in one city, the next one is usually just a short train ride away.
- Whether you are a history buff, a nature lover or someone who just wants to relax on a nice beach, China has it all from the majestic Forbidden City in Beijing, to the breathtaking scenery of Jiuzhaigou.
- Even if you live in China for many years, you’ll find that there’s always something new to discover in another part of the country. Perhaps unsurprisingly due to its sheer size and long history,
- China has the third largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites, after Italy and Spain.