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Mayor Snehal Ambekar
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» Mumbai City
» 603 km2 (233 sq mi)
» 12,478,447 (1st)
» Indian rupee (INR)
» IST (UTC+5:30)
Mumbai is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.
It is the most populous city in India, most populous metropolitan area in India, and the eighth most populous city in the world, with an estimated city population of 18.4 million and metropolitan area population of 20.7 million as of 2011.
Along with the urban areas, including the cities of Navi Mumbai, Thane, Bhiwandi, Kalyan, it is one of the most populous urban regions in the world.Mumbai lies on the west coast of India and has a deep natural harbour. In 2009, Mumbai was named an alpha world city. It is also the wealthiest city in India, and has the highest GDP of any city in South, West or Central Asia.
Mumbai is India’s largest city (by population) and is the financial and commercial capital of the country as it generates 6.16% of the total GDP.
It serves as an economic hub of India, contributing 10% of factory employment, 25% of industrial output, 33% of income tax collections, 60% of customs duty collections, 20% of central excise tax collections, 40% of India’s foreign trade and INR4000 crore (US$630 million) in corporate taxes.
Along with the rest of India, Mumbai has witnessed an economic boom since the liberalisation of 1991, the finance boom in the mid-nineties and the IT, export, services and outsourcing, boomed in the 2000’s. Although Mumbai had prominently figured as the hub of economic activity of India in the 1990s, the Mumbai Metropolitan Region is presently witnessing a reduction in its contribution to India’s GDP.
Welcome to the city that never sleeps! Pulsating, Alive, On the Move, Vibrant, Fun — this is Mumbai or as it is still frequently referred to — Bombay. The most modern city in India, it captures the spirit of the changing pace set by liberalization and modernisation.
Once a cluster of seven islands, Mumbai was presented to King Charles II in 1661 as part of the dowry when he married Princess Catherine de Braganza of Portugal.
Over the years, as colonialism gave way to independence, Mumbai has transformed itself into an entity with thriving markets, business houses and many different communities reflecting a cosmopolitan and trendy atmosphere rarely seen elsewhere.
On the surface, it represents the ever-changing face of today’s India — the old coupled with the dynamic new, and yet at its very core, the heart of the city is steeped in Indian customs and values.
- Gateway of India – Mumbai’s most recognized monument, the Gateway of India, was constructed to commemorate the visit of King George V and Queen Mary to the city.
- Heritage Buildings – Mumbai has some captivating heritage buildings where you can marvel over staggering examples of intricate colonial architecture.
- Kala Ghoda Art Precinct – Kala Ghoda, meaning “Black Horse” in reference to a statue that was once located there, is Mumbai’s cultural center.
- Markets and Bazaars – From the multitude of colorful pavement vendors that line Colaba Causeway, to the fascinating Chor Bazaar Thieves Market, Mumbai is full of interesting places to go street shopping.
- Juhu and Marine Drive Chowpatty Beaches – At the end of a tiring day of sightseeing, relax with the locals on the beaches of Juhu and Marine Drive, and watch the sunset.
- Mahalaxmi Dhobi Ghat – This massive open air laundry provides an unforgettable glimpse into the inside of the city.
- Mumbai Dabbawalas – Dabbawala, meaning a person who carries a container, is the term given to the thousands of men responsible for transporting and delivering around 200,000 lunch boxes of freshly cooked food to the city’s office workers every day.
- Haji Ali – The imposing Haji Ali is both a mosque and tomb.
- Bollywood – Mumbai is the center of India’s booming “Bollywood” film industry.
- Caves and National Park – In contrast to its millions of inhabitants and sprawling development, Mumbai surprisingly also has a national park located within its limits.