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Mayor Mohammad Majid Hussain
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Hyderabad is the capital of the southern Indian state of Telangana and de jure capital of Andhra Pradesh.
Occupying 625 square kilometres (241 sq mi) along the banks of the Musi River, it has a population of about 6.8 million and a metropolitan population of about 7.75 million, making it the fourth most populous city and sixth most populous urban agglomeration in India.
At an average altitude of 542 metres (1,778 ft), much of Hyderabad is situated on hilly terrain around artificial lakes, including Hussain Sagar—predating the city’s founding—north of the city centre.
Established in 1591 by Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah, Hyderabad remained under the rule of the Qutb Shahi dynasty for nearly a century before the Mughals captured the region. In 1724, Mughal viceroy Asif Jah I declared his sovereignty and created his own dynasty, also known as the Nizams of Hyderabad.
Hyderabad is the largest contributor to the gross domestic product (GDP), tax and other revenues, of Telangana, and the sixth largest deposit centre and fourth largest credit centre nationwide, as ranked by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) in June 2012.
Its US$74 billion GDP makes it the fifth-largest contributor city to India’s overall GDP in 2011–12. Its per capita annual income in 2011 was 44300 (US$700).
As of 2006, the largest employers in the city are the governments of Telangana (113,098 employees) and of India (85,155). According to a government survey in 2005, 77% of males and 19% of females in the city were employed. The service industry remains dominant in the city, and 90% of the employed workforce is engaged in this sector.
Hyderabad is the capital of Telangana in Southern India, located on the banks of the Musi River and on the Deccan Plateau.
Hyderabad and Secunderabad are “twin cities” near Hussain Sagar Lake (also known as Tank Bund in local parlance) but both cities have grown so much that now they have become one big metropolis.
The city and district of Hyderabad are coterminous. Hyderabad district is entirely contained within the Ranga Reddy district of Telangana. Many of the suburbs of Hyderabad were recently merged into the city, now called Greater Hyderabad.
- Old city is the historical region of Hyderabad. Most of the historical attractions are situated in the old city.
- Charminar. “Four minarets”, this structure was built at the very spot at which Quli Qutb Shah prayed for the end to the plague epidemic.
- Mecca Masjid. (SW of the Char Minar). Mecca Masjid is one of the oldest mosques in the city and easily the biggest.
- Chowmahalla Palace. Khilwat Motigalli. Situated near Charminar, it was the seat of the Asaf Jahi dynasty where the Nizam entertained his official guests and royal visitors.
- Falaknuma Palace. Built by Nawab Viqar al-Umra in 1872, Falaknuma is a stunning piece of architecture and the most opulent of the Nizam’s palaces.
- Golconda Fort. The Golconda Fort was the capital of the Qutb Shahi kingdom.
- Qutubshahi Tombs Qutb Shahi Tombs The Qutubshahi mosques in Hyderabad are so named because they were built by the Qutubshahi dynasty.