Monarchy of



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Prime Minister Shinzō Abe

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Official Language


»Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy

»377,944 km2 (62nd)


»$4.788 trillion (4th)

»Per capita –$37,683 (28th)

GDP (nominal)
»$4.770 trillion (3rd)
»Per capita –$37,540 (26th)

»Yen (¥) / En (JPY)

Time Zone
»JST (UTC+9)

Japan  literally ” State of Japan” is an island nation in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. The characters that make up Japan’s name mean “sun-origin”, which is why Japan is often referred to as the “Land of the Rising Sun”.

Japan is a stratovolcanic archipelago of 6,852 islands. The four largest islands are Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, and Shikoku, which together comprise about ninety-seven percent of Japan’s land area. Japan has the world’s tenth-largest population, with over 126 million people.

Honshū’s Greater Tokyo Area, which includes the de facto capital of Tokyo and several surrounding prefectures, is the largest metropolitan area in the world, with over 30 million residents.

Archaeological research indicates that people lived in Japan as early as the Upper Paleolithic period.

The economy of Japan is the third largest in the world by nominal GDP, the fourth largest by purchasing power parity  and is the world’s second largest developed economy. According to the International Monetary Fund, the country’s per capita GDP (PPP) was at $36,899 or the 22nd highest in 2013. Japan is a member of Group of Eight.

The Japanese economy is forecasted by the Quarterly Tankan survey of business sentiment conducted by the Bank of Japan.

Due to a volatile currency exchange rate, Japan’s GDP as measured in dollars,  fluctuates widely. Accounting for these fluctuations through use of the Atlas method, Japan is estimated to have a GDP per capita of around $38,490.

Japan Toyota 5 Plant

Japan is the world’s third largest automobile manufacturing country, has the largest electronics goods industry, and is often ranked among the world’s most innovative countries leading several measures of global patent filings.

Facing increasing competition from China and South Korea, manufacturing in Japan today now focuses primarily on high-tech and precision goods, such as optical instruments, hybrid vehicles, and robotics. Besides the Kantō region, the Kansai region is one of the leading industrial clusters and manufacturing centers for the Japanese economy.

Japan is the world’s largest creditor nation, generally running an annual trade surplus and having a considerable net international investment surplus. As of 2010, Japan possesses 13.7% of the world’s private financial assets (the second largest in the world) at an estimated $14.6 trillion. As of 2013, 62 of the Fortune Global 500 companies are based in Japan.

Japan is ranked 1 with an Economic Complexity Index (ECI) of 2.23517

Top 5 Products exported by Japan

  1. Cars (13%),
  2. Vehicle Parts (5.3%),
  3. Integrated Circuits (2.4%),
  4. Industrial Printers(2.2%),
  5. Machinery Having Individual Functions (1.7%)

Top 5 Export destinations of Japan

  1. China (19%),
  2. United States (18%),
  3. South Korea (7.8%),
  4. Thailand (5.4%),
  5. Other Asia (4.7%)

Top 5 Products imported by Japan

  1. Crude Petroleum (17%),
  2. Petroleum Gas (10%),
  3. Refined Petroleum (3.5%),
  4. Coal Briquettes (3.1%),
  5. Computers (2.6%)

Top 5 Import origins of Japan

  1. China (22%),
  2. United States (8.5%),
  3. Australia (6.2%),
  4. Saudi Arabia (6.0%),
  5. South Korea (4.9%)

When you think of Japan, your mind fills with all sorts of images of ancient traditions, beautiful landscapes and fascinating culture.

Although the Japanese past is rich in events and interesting history, today’s Japan is just as fascinating with cutting edge technology and wonderful architecture, whilst still maintaining the country’s traditions.

Whether you want to experience food like you’ve never tasted (or seen!) or you want to go shopping in some of the world’s best shopping areas, Japan is the place to visit!


Japan is famous for its temples and shrines – you could spend weeks in cities such as Kyoto or Nara feasting your eyes on architectural marvels and historic monuments.

Japan traditional ryukyuu-

If culture is more to your taste, you can’t get much better than Japan’s colourful and rich heritage including wonderful kabuki (Japanese performing arts) and traditional geisha. At Japan National Tourism Organisation, you will find all the information you need to plan your perfect holiday to Japan.

To see

The original castles are:

  • Uwajima Castle
  • Matsuyama Castle
  • Kochi Castle
  • Marugame Castle
  • Matsue Castle
  • Bitchu Matsuyama Castle
  • Himeji Castle
  • Hikone Castle
  • Inuyama Castle
  • Maruoka Castle
  • Matsumoto Castle
    Hirosaki Castle


  • Ritsurin Park, Takamatsu
  • Japan is famous for its gardens, known for its unique aesthestics both in landscape gardens and Zen rock/sand gardens. The nation has designated an official “Top Three Gardens”, based on their beauty, size, authenticity (gardens that have not been drastically altered), and historical significance.
  • Those gardens are Kairakuen in Mito, Kenrokuen in Kanazawa, and Korakuen in Okayama. The largest garden, and the favorite of many travellers is actually Ritsurin Park in Takamatsu.





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