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» France

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» French

» Parisian

» Conseil de Paris

» 105.4 km2

» 2,249,975


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Paris French is the capital and most populous city of France. Situated on the Seine River, in the north of the country, it is at the heart of the Île-de-France region, also known as the région Parisienne (“Paris Region” in English.)

Paris Skyline Eiffel Tower

Skyline Eiffel Tower

The city of Paris has a population of 2,249,975 inhabitants (January 2011), while its metropolitan area is one of the largest population centres in Europe, with 12,292,895 inhabitants at the January 2011 census.

A Celtic people called the Parisii, who gave the city its name, founded Paris in the 3rd century BC. By the 12th century, Paris was the largest city in the western world, a prosperous trading centre, the home of the University of Paris, and one of the most influential centers of learning in Europe.

Paris Louvre


In the eighteenth century, it was the center stage for the Enlightenment, the French Revolution, and an important center of commerce, fashion, science, and the arts.

The Paris Region has one of the largest GDPs in the world, €612 billion (US$760 billion) in 2012. It hosts the world headquarters of twenty-nine of the Fortune Global 500 companies.

Paris Seine River Sunset

Seine River Sunset

Paris is today one of the world’s leading business and cultural centers and has a global influence in politics, education, entertainment, media, science, and the arts. Paris is also one the world’s leading tourist destinations.

In 2013, the City of Paris welcomed 15.6 million international visitors, measured by hotel stays. The Paris Region, which includes Disneyland Paris, the most visited tourist attraction in France, welcomed 32.3 million visitors. Paris is the third largest earner on tourism worldwide.

The Paris Region is France’s premier centre of economic activity, with a 2012 GDP of €612 billion (US$760 billion).

Paris La Défense Business District

La Défense Business District

In 2011, its GDP ranked second among the regions of Europe, after North Rhine-Westphalia in Germany; and its per-capita GDP was the 4th highest in Europe, after Luxembourg and the regions of Brussels and Hamburg.

Paris La Grande Arche in La Défense business district

La Grande Arche in La Défense business district

Its population accounted for 18.8 percent of the total population of metropolitan France in 2011, its GDP accounted for 31.0 per cent of metropolitan France’s GDP. It hosts the world headquarters of twenty-nine Fortune Global 500 companies.

France is ranked 13 with an Economic Complexity Index (ECI) of 1.4572

Top 5 Products exported by France

  1. Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft (6.7%),
  2. Packaged Medicaments (5.2%),
  3. Cars(4.5%), Vehicle Parts (3.6%),
  4. Refined Petroleum (3.0%)

Top 5 Export destinations of France

  1. Germany (15%),
  2. Belgium-Luxembourg (8.8%),
  3. Italy (7.1%),
  4. United States (6.9%),
  5. United Kingdom (6.6%)

Top 5 Products imported by France

  1. Crude Petroleum (6.5%),
  2. Refined Petroleum (5.4%),
  3. Cars (4.8%),
  4. Packaged Medicaments (3.0%),
  5. Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft (2.5%)

Top 5 Import origins of France

  1. Germany (19%),
  2. China (7.9%)
  3. Italy (7.8%),
  4. Spain (6.4%),
  5. Belgium-Luxembourg(6.4%)

In 2013, the city of Paris welcomed 29.3 million tourists, the largest number of whom came from the United States, followed by Britain, Italy, Germany and Spain. 550,000 visitors arrived from Japan, a decrease from previous years while there was a growth of twenty percent in the number of visitors from China (186,000) and the Middle East (326,000).

Paris Eiffel Tower

Eiffel Tower

The Paris Region received 32.3 million visitors in 2013, putting the region just ahead of London as the world’s top tourist destination region, measured by hotel occupancy.

Paris Louvre Museum

Louvre Museum

In the Paris region, the largest numbers of foreign tourists came in order from Britain, the United States, Germany, Italy and China.

In 2014 visitors to Paris spent 17 billion dollars (13.58 billion Euros), the third highest sum globally after London and New York. In 2012, according to the Paris Convention and Visitors Bureau, 263,212 salaried workers in the city of Paris, or 18.4 percent of the total number, were engaged in tourism-related sectors: hotels, catering, transport and leisure.

Paris Notre Dame Cathedral

Notre Dame Cathedral

There were 72.1 million visitors to the city’s museums and monuments in 2013.

The city’s top tourist attraction was the cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris, which welcomed 14 million visitors in 2013. The Louvre museum had more than 9.2 million visitors in 2013, making it the most visited museum in the world.

To See
  • Arc de Triomphe — The Arc de Triomphe exudes grandeur and offers a central view of the city Métro/RER Charles de Gaulle-Etoile
  • Catacombs — Used to store the exhumed bones of about 6 million people from the overflowing Paris cemeteries. They fill a section of caverns and tunnels that are the remains of old stone mines underneath the city.
  • Château de Versailles (Versailles)— Must be seen. France’s most exquisite chateau, on the outskirts of the city, easily visited by train. Once the home to Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette.
  • The Eiffel Tower (Tour Eiffel) — No other monument better symbolizes Paris.
  • Grand Arche de la Défense (La Défense)— A modern office-building variant of the Arc de Triomphe.
  • Notre Dame Cathedral — Impressive Gothic cathedral that was the inspiration for Victor Hugo’s novel The Hunchback of Notre Dame.
  • Opera Garnier — Masterpiece of theatre architecture of the 19th century built by Charles Garnier and inaugurated in 1875 housing the Paris Opera since it was founded by Louis XIV.
  • Pantheon — Underneath, the final resting place for the great heroes of the French Republic including Voltaire, Victor Hugo, and Marie Curie; above, a marvellous view of the city.
  • Père-Lachaise Cemetery — Unlike any cemetery in the world. Ornate grave stones, monuments set among tree lined lanes. See the graves of Jim Morrison, Oscar Wilde, and Frederic Chopin, amongst many others.
  • Sacré Coeur — A church perched on top of the highest point in Paris. Behind the church is the artists’ area, in front are spectacular views of the whole city.
  • Sainte Chapelle — Exquisite stained glass chapel. More beautiful interior than the gloomy Notre Dame Cathedral.

Judith Beller


Sven Boermeester

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