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» Berlin

Official Language
» German

» German

» Federal parliamentary constitutional republic

» 357,168 km2 (63th)

» 80,716,000 (16th)

» $3.621 trillion (5th)
» Per capita $44,741 (17th)

GDP (nominal)
» $3.820 trillion(4th)
» Per capita $47,201 (16th)

» Euro (€)

Time Zone
» CET (UTC+1)

Germany  officially the Federal Republic of Germany is a federal parliamentary republic in western-central Europe.

It consists of 16 constituent states, which retain limited sovereignty, and covers an area of 357,021 square kilometres (137,847 sq mi) with a largely temperate seasonal climate.

Its capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany is a major economic and political power and traditionally a leader in many cultural, theoretical and technical fields.


With 80.7 million inhabitants, Germany is the most populous member state in the European Union. After the United States, it is also the second most popular migration destination in the world.

Germany has the world’s fourth-largest economy by nominal GDP and the fifth-largest by PPP. As a global leader in several industrial and technological sectors, it is both the world’s third-largest exporter and third-largest importer of goods.

It is a developed country with a very high standard of living, featuring comprehensive social security that includes the world’s oldest universal health care system.


Known for its rich cultural and political history, Germany has been the home of many influential philosophers, artists, musicians, cineasts, entrepreneurs, scientists and inventors.

Germany was a founding member of the European Communities in 1957, which became the European Union in 1993. It is part of the Schengen Area, and has been a member of the Eurozone since 1999. Germany is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G8, the G20, the OECD and the Council of Europe.

Germany has a social market economy with a highly skilled labour force, a large capital stock, a low level of corruption, and a high level of innovation. It has the largest and most powerful national economy in Europe, the fourth largest by nominal GDP in the world, and the fifth largest by PPP.

The service sector contributes approximately 71% of the total GDP (including information technology), industry 28%, and agriculture 1%. The official average national unemployment rate in April 2014 was 6.8%. Germany has one of the highest labour productivity levels in the world, according to OECD.


Germany is an advocate of closer European economic and political integration. Its commercial policies are increasingly determined by agreements among European Union (EU) members and by EU legislation.

Germany introduced the common European currency, the Euro, on 1 January 2002.Its monetary policy is set by the European Central Bank, which is headquartered in Frankfurt.

Two decades after German reunification, standards of living and per capita incomes remain significantly higher in the states of the former West Germany than in the former East.

germany donauworth

The modernisation and integration of the eastern German economy is a long-term process scheduled to last until the year 2019, with annual transfers from west to east amounting to roughly $80 billion.

In January 2009 the German government approved a €50 billion economic stimulus plan to protect several sectors from a downturn and a subsequent rise in unemployment rates.

Top 5 Products exported by Germany
  1. Cars (11%),
  2. Vehicle Parts (4.1%),
  3. Packaged Medicaments (3.6%),
  4. Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft (2.4%),
  5. Refined Petroleum (1.3%)
Top 5 Export destinations of Germany
  1. France (8.8%),
  2. United States (8.1%),
  3. China (6.4%),
  4. United Kingdom (6.2%),
  5. Netherlands (5.8%)
Top 5 Products imported by Germany
  1. Crude Petroleum (5.6%),
  2. Petroleum Gas (5.2%),
  3. Cars (3.8%),
  4. Vehicle Parts (3.0%),
  5. Refined Petroleum (2.8%)
Top 5 Import origins of Germany
  1. Netherlands (8.9%),
  2. China (8.6%),
  3. France (7.2%),
  4. United States (5.5%),
  5. Italy (5.2%)

Germany is the seventh most visited country in the world, with a total of 407.26 million overnights during 2012. This number includes 68.83 million nights by foreign visitors. In 2012, over 30.4 million international tourists arrived in Germany, bringing over US$38 billion in international tourism receipts to the country. Additionally, more than 30% of Germans spend their holiday in their own country, with the biggest share going to Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.

Germany neuschwanstein-castle-tour

According to Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Reports, Germany is rated as one of the safest travel destinations worldwide. The official body for tourism in Germany is the German National Tourist Board (GNTB). Domestic and international travel and tourism combined directly contribute over EUR 43.2 billion to German GDP. Including indirect and induced impacts, the industry contributes 4.5% of German GDP and supports 2 million jobs (4.8% of total employment).


Germany is well known for its diverse tourist routes, such as the Romantic Road, the Wine Route, the Castle Road, the Timber-Frame Road and the Avenue Road.

There are 39 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Germany, including the old town cores of Regensburg, Bamberg, Lübeck, Quedlinburg, Weimar, Stralsund and Wismar. Germany’s most-visited landmarks include i.e. Neuschwanstein Castle, Cologne Cathedral, Berlin Bundestag, Hofbräuhaus Munich, Heidelberg Castle, Dresden Zwinger,Fernsehturm Berlin and Aachen Cathedral.

The Europa-Park near Freiburg is Europe’s second most popular theme park resort, following Disneyland Paris. Its nature-protected national parks, biosphere reserves and other nature parks are popular destinations for ecotourism.

To See
  • Neuschwanstein, Bavaria – The world’s most famous castle, Neuschwanstein, is nestled in the Alps, and it seems to come straight out of a fairy tale; Walt Disney drew inspiration from it for his classic, Sleeping Beauty. Neuschwanstein (new-swan-stone) is the most photographed building in Germany.
  • Brandenburg Gate, Berlin – More than any other landmark, the Brandenburg Gate is the national symbol for Germany.
  • The City of Weimar – Weimar is a city in Thuringia, in the East of Germany. To visit Weimar is to get at the heart of German culture.
  • The Romantic Road – The Romantic Road is one of Germany’s best scenic routes, leading you through a region that boasts quintessential German scenery and culture.
  • The Cathedral of Cologne – The Cathedral of Cologne is one of Germany’s most important architectural monuments and the third tallest cathedral in the world.
  • Hofbräuhaus and Oktoberfest, Munich – The most famous beer hall in the world. This Bavarian institution has defined gemütlich (“comfy”) since 1589.
  • The Black Forest – If you imagine Germany with rolling hills, small villages and lush forests, visit the Schwarzwald (Black Forest), where you can experience it all.







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